Difference between revisions of "Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics"

Jump to: navigation, search
 
(One intermediate revision by the same user not shown)
Line 9: Line 9:
 
===Prevalence===
 
===Prevalence===
 
*The prevalence of tuberculous pericarditis is approximately 1-2% of patients with [[pulmonary tuberculosis]].<ref name="pmid2046135">{{cite journal| author=Fowler NO| title=Tuberculous pericarditis. | journal=JAMA | year= 1991 | volume= 266 | issue= 1 | pages= 99-103 | pmid=2046135 | doi= | pmc= | url= }} </ref><ref name="pmid7377888">{{cite journal| author=Larrieu AJ, Tyers GF, Williams EH, Derrick JR| title=Recent experience with tuberculous pericarditis. | journal=Ann Thorac Surg | year= 1980 | volume= 29 | issue= 5 | pages= 464-8 | pmid=7377888 | doi= | pmc= | url= }} </ref>
 
*The prevalence of tuberculous pericarditis is approximately 1-2% of patients with [[pulmonary tuberculosis]].<ref name="pmid2046135">{{cite journal| author=Fowler NO| title=Tuberculous pericarditis. | journal=JAMA | year= 1991 | volume= 266 | issue= 1 | pages= 99-103 | pmid=2046135 | doi= | pmc= | url= }} </ref><ref name="pmid7377888">{{cite journal| author=Larrieu AJ, Tyers GF, Williams EH, Derrick JR| title=Recent experience with tuberculous pericarditis. | journal=Ann Thorac Surg | year= 1980 | volume= 29 | issue= 5 | pages= 464-8 | pmid=7377888 | doi= | pmc= | url= }} </ref>
 
===Case-fatality rate/Mortality rate===
 
*In [year], the incidence of [disease name] is approximately [number range] per 100,000 individuals with a case-fatality rate/mortality rate of [number range]%.
 
*The case-fatality rate/mortality rate of [disease name] is approximately [number range].
 
  
 
===Age===
 
===Age===
Line 21: Line 17:
 
===Race===
 
===Race===
  
*Tuberculous pericarditis usually affects individuals of the black race.
+
*Tuberculous pericarditis usually affects individuals of the black race.<ref name="pmid14082261">{{cite journal |vauthors=HAGEMAN JH, D ESOPO ND, GLENN WW |title=TUBERCULOSIS OF THE PERICARDIUM. A  LONG-TERM ANALYSIS OF FORTY-FOUR PROVED CASES |journal=N. Engl. J. Med. |volume=270 |issue= |pages=327–32 |date=February 1964 |pmid=14082261 |doi=10.1056/NEJM196402132700702 |url=}}</ref>
  
 
===Gender===
 
===Gender===
  
*Men are more commonly affected by tuberculous pericarditis than female.
+
*Men are more commonly affected by tuberculous pericarditis than female.<ref name="pmid5410398">{{cite journal |vauthors=Rooney JJ, Crocco JA, Lyons HA |title=Tuberculous pericarditis |journal=Ann. Intern. Med. |volume=72 |issue=1 |pages=73–81 |date=January 1970 |pmid=5410398 |doi=10.7326/0003-4819-72-1-73 |url=}}</ref>
  
 
===Region===
 
===Region===

Latest revision as of 17:43, 4 December 2019

Tuberculous pericarditis Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Tuberculous pericarditis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

X-ray

Echocardiography and Ultrasound

CT scan

MRI

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Interventions

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics

CDC on Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics

Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics in the news

Blogs on Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics

Directions to Hospitals Treating Psoriasis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: Varun Kumar, M.B.B.S.; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S.

Overview

Epidemiology and Demographics

Prevalence

Age

  • Patients of all age groups may develop tuberculous pericarditis.
  • The incidence of tuberculous pericarditis increases with age.
  • Tuberculous pericarditis commonly affects elderly

Race

  • Tuberculous pericarditis usually affects individuals of the black race.[3]

Gender

  • Men are more commonly affected by tuberculous pericarditis than female.[4]

Region

  • Since the prevalence of tuberculous pericarditis may follow tuberculosis prevalence, The majority of tuberculous pericarditis cases are reported in:[5]
    • South Africa
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in South Africa is 834 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in South Africa is 46 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • Indonesia
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia is 395 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Indonesia is 40 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • Nigeria
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in Nigeria is 322 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Nigeria is 99 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • Pakistan
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in Pakistan is 270 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Pakistan is 23 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • India
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in India is 217 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in India is 36 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • China
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in China is 67 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in China is 2.6 per 100,000 of the overall population.

Developed Countries

  • After the resurgence of TB in the mid-1980s, the number of case counts steadily increased, peaking in 1992.[5]
  • Since the 1992 TB resurgence peak in the United States, the number of TB cases reported has decreased annually.
  • The year 2014 marked the twenty-second year of decline in the total number of TB cases reported in the United States since the peak of the resurgence.
  • In 2014, a total of 9,421 cases were reported from the 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC).
  • This represented a decline of 1.5% from 2013.
  • The number of cases per 100,000 in 2013 and 2014 has been stable at a rate of 3.0.
Image 1 - Reported TB Cases United States, 1982–2014- Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC)[5]
Image 2 - TB Case Rates,* United States, 2014- Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC)[5]


References

  1. Fowler NO (1991). "Tuberculous pericarditis". JAMA. 266 (1): 99–103. PMID 2046135.
  2. Larrieu AJ, Tyers GF, Williams EH, Derrick JR (1980). "Recent experience with tuberculous pericarditis". Ann Thorac Surg. 29 (5): 464–8. PMID 7377888.
  3. HAGEMAN JH, D ESOPO ND, GLENN WW (February 1964). "TUBERCULOSIS OF THE PERICARDIUM. A LONG-TERM ANALYSIS OF FORTY-FOUR PROVED CASES". N. Engl. J. Med. 270: 327–32. doi:10.1056/NEJM196402132700702. PMID 14082261.
  4. Rooney JJ, Crocco JA, Lyons HA (January 1970). "Tuberculous pericarditis". Ann. Intern. Med. 72 (1): 73–81. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-72-1-73. PMID 5410398.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "WHO 2016 TB Report" (PDF).

Linked-in.jpg