Difference between revisions of "Tuberculous pericarditis epidemiology and demographics"

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===Region===
 
===Region===
*Since the prevalence of tuberculous pericarditis may follow tuberculosis prevalence, The majority of tuberculous pericarditis cases are reported in:
+
*Since the prevalence of tuberculous pericarditis may follow tuberculosis prevalence, The majority of tuberculous pericarditis cases are reported in:<ref name="CDC2">{{Cite web | title = WHO 2016 TB Report | url =http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/250441/1/9789241565394-eng.pdf?ua=1}}</ref>
 
** South Africa
 
** South Africa
***The incidence of tuberculosis in South Africa is '''834''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2">{{Cite web | title = WHO 2016 TB Report | url =http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/250441/1/9789241565394-eng.pdf?ua=1}}</ref>
+
***The incidence of tuberculosis in South Africa is '''834''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in South Africa is '''46''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in South Africa is '''46''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
 
** Indonesia
 
** Indonesia
***The incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia is '''395''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia is '''395''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Indonesia is '''40''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Indonesia is '''40''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
 
** Nigeria
 
** Nigeria
***The incidence of tuberculosis in Nigeria is '''322''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The incidence of tuberculosis in Nigeria is '''322''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Nigeria is '''99''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Nigeria is '''99''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
 
** Pakistan
 
** Pakistan
***The incidence of tuberculosis in Pakistan is '''270''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The incidence of tuberculosis in Pakistan is '''270''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Pakistan is '''23''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Pakistan is '''23''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
 
** India
 
** India
***The incidence of tuberculosis in India is '''217''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The incidence of tuberculosis in India is '''217''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in India is '''36''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in India is '''36''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
 
** China
 
** China
***The incidence of tuberculosis in China is '''67''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The incidence of tuberculosis in China is '''67''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in  China is '''2.6''' per 100,000 of the overall population.<ref name="CDC2" />
+
***The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in  China is '''2.6''' per 100,000 of the overall population.
  
 
===Developed Countries===
 
===Developed Countries===

Revision as of 17:40, 4 December 2019

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: Varun Kumar, M.B.B.S.; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S.

Overview

Epidemiology and Demographics

Prevalence

Case-fatality rate/Mortality rate

  • In [year], the incidence of [disease name] is approximately [number range] per 100,000 individuals with a case-fatality rate/mortality rate of [number range]%.
  • The case-fatality rate/mortality rate of [disease name] is approximately [number range].

Age

  • Patients of all age groups may develop tuberculous pericarditis.
  • The incidence of tuberculous pericarditis increases with age.
  • Tuberculous pericarditis commonly affects elderly

Race

  • Tuberculous pericarditis usually affects individuals of the black race.

Gender

  • Men are more commonly affected by tuberculous pericarditis than female.

Region

  • Since the prevalence of tuberculous pericarditis may follow tuberculosis prevalence, The majority of tuberculous pericarditis cases are reported in:[3]
    • South Africa
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in South Africa is 834 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in South Africa is 46 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • Indonesia
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia is 395 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Indonesia is 40 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • Nigeria
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in Nigeria is 322 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Nigeria is 99 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • Pakistan
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in Pakistan is 270 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in Pakistan is 23 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • India
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in India is 217 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in India is 36 per 100,000 of the overall population.
    • China
      • The incidence of tuberculosis in China is 67 per 100,000 of the overall population.
      • The mortality of tuberculosis (excluding HIV-TB coinfection) in China is 2.6 per 100,000 of the overall population.

Developed Countries

  • After the resurgence of TB in the mid-1980s, the number of case counts steadily increased, peaking in 1992.[3]
  • Since the 1992 TB resurgence peak in the United States, the number of TB cases reported has decreased annually.
  • The year 2014 marked the twenty-second year of decline in the total number of TB cases reported in the United States since the peak of the resurgence.
  • In 2014, a total of 9,421 cases were reported from the 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC).
  • This represented a decline of 1.5% from 2013.
  • The number of cases per 100,000 in 2013 and 2014 has been stable at a rate of 3.0.
Image 1 - Reported TB Cases United States, 1982–2014- Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC)[3]
Image 2 - TB Case Rates,* United States, 2014- Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC)[3]


References

  1. Fowler NO (1991). "Tuberculous pericarditis". JAMA. 266 (1): 99–103. PMID 2046135.
  2. Larrieu AJ, Tyers GF, Williams EH, Derrick JR (1980). "Recent experience with tuberculous pericarditis". Ann Thorac Surg. 29 (5): 464–8. PMID 7377888.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "WHO 2016 TB Report" (PDF).

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