Tetralogy of fallot echocardiography

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editors-In-Chief: Priyamvada Singh, M.B.B.S. [2], Keri Shafer, M.D. [3]; Assistant Editor-In-Chief: Kristin Feeney, B.S. [4]

Overview

Echocardiography establishes the initial diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot, and is useful in evaluating the hemodynamic abnormalities that are present. Right-to-left shunting through the VSD can be visualized by color doppler imaging, and the severity of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction can be determined by spectral doppler measurements. Echocardiography may be helpful in the diagnosis of tetralogy of fallot. Findings on an echocardiography diagnostic of tetralogy of fallot include ventricular septal defect, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and overriding aorta.

Echocardiography

Echocardiography may be helpful in the diagnosis of tetralogy of fallot. Findings on an echocardiography diagnostic of tetralogy of fallot include:

Optimal Views

  • Parasternal long-axis view
  • Short-axis view (to evaluate size of septal defect)

Post-operative Evaluation

Examples

TOF echo.jpg


2008 ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Management of Adults With Congenital Heart Disease (DO NOT EDIT)[1]

Imaging in Tetralogy of Fallot (DO NOT EDIT)[1]

Class I
"1. Comprehensive echocardiographic imaging should be performed in a regional ACHD center to evaluate the anatomy and hemodynamics in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. (Level of Evidence: B) "

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Warnes CA, Williams RG, Bashore TM, Child JS, Connolly HM, Dearani JA; et al. (2008). "ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines on the Management of Adults With Congenital Heart Disease). Developed in Collaboration With the American Society of Echocardiography, Heart Rhythm Society, International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons". J Am Coll Cardiol. 52 (23): e1–121. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.10.001. PMID 19038677.



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