Teratoma natural history

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Teratoma Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Teratoma from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination


Laboratory Findings

Chest X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Gertrude Djouka, M.D.[2]


The prognosis of teratoma depends on the type of tumor and malignant transformation. Mature teratoma is begnin and has an excellent prognosis compared to immature teratoma which has a favorable prognosis.The 6 year survival rate of patients with mature teratoma is approximately 96%. The overall 5 years survival rate of patient with immature teratoma is 90% and 75% for stage III and IV.

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History

  • The symptoms of (disease name) usually develop in the first/ second/ third decade of life, and start with symptoms such as ___.
  • The symptoms of (disease name) typically develop ___ years after exposure to ___.
  • If left untreated, [#]% of patients with [disease name] may progress to develop [manifestation 1], [manifestation 2], and [manifestation 3].


  • Common complications of teratoma specially ovarian teratoma include:[1][2][3]
    • Torsion
    • Rupture
    • Malignant transformation
    • Infections
    • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia


  • Prognosis is generally excellent/good/poor, and the 1/5/10-year mortality/survival rate of patients with [disease name] is approximately [--]%.
  • Depending on the extent of the [tumor/disease progression] at the time of diagnosis, the prognosis may vary. However, the prognosis is generally regarded as poor/good/excellent.
  • The presence of [characteristic of disease] is associated with a particularly [good/poor] prognosis among patients with [disease/malignancy].
  • [Subtype of disease/malignancy] is associated with the most favorable prognosis.
  • The prognosis varies with the [characteristic] of tumor; [subtype of disease/malignancy] have the most favorable prognosis.


  1. Park SB, Kim JK, Kim KR, Cho KS (2008). "Imaging findings of complications and unusual manifestations of ovarian teratomas". Radiographics. 28 (4): 969–83. doi:10.1148/rg.284075069. PMID 18635624.
  2. Comerci JT, Licciardi F, Bergh PA, Gregori C, Breen JL (1994) Mature cystic teratoma: a clinicopathologic evaluation of 517 cases and review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol 84 (1):22-8. PMID: 8008317
  3. Singh P, Yordan EL, Wilbanks GD, Miller AW, Wee A (1988). "Malignancy associated with benign cystic teratomas (dermoid cysts) of the ovary". Singapore Med J. 29 (1): 30–4. PMID 2841767.