Difference between revisions of "Pulmonic regurgitation prognosis"

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(Prognosis)
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==Prognosis==
 
==Prognosis==
*The prognosis of [[pulmonic regurgitation]] depends on the severity of the condition and associated complications.
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*The prognosis of [[pulmonic regurgitation]] depends on the etiology, severity of the condition, and associated complications.<ref name="pmid31985929">{{cite journal |vauthors=Pendela VS, Ayyad R |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |date= |pmid=31985929 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
*Symptomatic patients are treated with [[pulmonary valve replacement]] and have a good [[prognosis]].<ref name="pmid22921969">{{cite journal| author=Lee C, Kim YM, Lee CH, Kwak JG, Park CS, Song JY et al.| title=Outcomes of pulmonary valve replacement in 170 patients with chronic pulmonary regurgitation after relief of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction: implications for optimal timing of pulmonary valve replacement. | journal=J Am Coll Cardiol | year= 2012 | volume= 60 | issue= 11 | pages= 1005-14 | pmid=22921969 | doi=10.1016/j.jacc.2012.03.077 | pmc= | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=22921969  }} </ref>
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*Mild to moderate [[PR]] is not associated with shortened survival.<ref name="pmid31985929">{{cite journal |vauthors=Pendela VS, Ayyad R |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |date= |pmid=31985929 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
*Patient survival depends upon the underlying etiology of the [[pulmonic regurgitation]]. Among patients with pulmonary hypertension, the severity and duration of the pulmonary hypertension will be determinants of the ultimate prognosis. Patients with congenital absence of the pulmonic valve have severe regurgitation and this may limit their life expectancy if the valve is not replaced. Mild to moderate pulmonic regurgitation is not associated with shortened survival.
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*The [[prognosis]] of [[symptomatic]] patients of [[PR]] is good after pulmonary [[valve replacement]].<ref name="pmid22921969">{{cite journal| author=Lee C, Kim YM, Lee CH, Kwak JG, Park CS, Song JY et al.| title=Outcomes of pulmonary valve replacement in 170 patients with chronic pulmonary regurgitation after relief of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction: implications for optimal timing of pulmonary valve replacement. | journal=J Am Coll Cardiol | year= 2012 | volume= 60 | issue= 11 | pages= 1005-14 | pmid=22921969 | doi=10.1016/j.jacc.2012.03.077 | pmc= | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=22921969  }} </ref> Surgical Pulmonic Valve Repair (PVR) improves [[right ventricle|right ventricular]] filling and increases [[left ventricle|left ventricular]] [[stroke volume]].<ref name="FrigiolaGiardini2012">{{cite journal|last1=Frigiola|first1=A.|last2=Giardini|first2=A.|last3=Taylor|first3=A.|last4=Tsang|first4=V.|last5=Derrick|first5=G.|last6=Khambadkone|first6=S.|last7=Walker|first7=F.|last8=Cullen|first8=S.|last9=Bonhoeffer|first9=P.|last10=Marek|first10=J.|title=Echocardiographic assessment of diastolic biventricular properties in patients operated for severe pulmonary regurgitation and association with exercise capacity|journal=European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging|volume=13|issue=8|year=2012|pages=697–702|issn=2047-2404|doi=10.1093/ehjci/jes002}}</ref>
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* Among patients with [[pulmonary hypertension]] (PAH), the severity and duration of [[pulmonary hypertension|PAH]] determines the ultimate [[prognosis]].
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*The [[prognosis]] of [[PR]] due to [[Absent pulmonary valve|congenital absence of pulmonic valve]] is poor and may limit [[patient]]'s life expectancy in the absence of [[valve replacement]]. [[Absent pulmonary valve]] (APVS) is associated with severe [[regurgitation]] and complications secondary to [[respiratory distress]].<ref name="pmid24843213">{{cite journal |vauthors=Grewal DS, Chamoli SC, Saxena S |title=Absent pulmonary valve syndrome - Antenatal diagnosis |journal=Med J Armed Forces India |volume=70 |issue=2 |pages=198–200 |date=April 2014 |pmid=24843213 |pmc=4017172 |doi=10.1016/j.mjafi.2013.07.002 |url=}}</ref>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 19:39, 2 August 2020

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Prognosis

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pendela VS, Ayyad R. PMID 31985929. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. Lee C, Kim YM, Lee CH, Kwak JG, Park CS, Song JY; et al. (2012). "Outcomes of pulmonary valve replacement in 170 patients with chronic pulmonary regurgitation after relief of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction: implications for optimal timing of pulmonary valve replacement". J Am Coll Cardiol. 60 (11): 1005–14. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2012.03.077. PMID 22921969.
  3. Frigiola, A.; Giardini, A.; Taylor, A.; Tsang, V.; Derrick, G.; Khambadkone, S.; Walker, F.; Cullen, S.; Bonhoeffer, P.; Marek, J. (2012). "Echocardiographic assessment of diastolic biventricular properties in patients operated for severe pulmonary regurgitation and association with exercise capacity". European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging. 13 (8): 697–702. doi:10.1093/ehjci/jes002. ISSN 2047-2404.
  4. Grewal DS, Chamoli SC, Saxena S (April 2014). "Absent pulmonary valve syndrome - Antenatal diagnosis". Med J Armed Forces India. 70 (2): 198–200. doi:10.1016/j.mjafi.2013.07.002. PMC 4017172. PMID 24843213.