Portal:Mind and Brain

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Mind and Brain Portal

Welcome to the Mind and Brain Portal. This is an interdisciplinary point of entry to such related fields as the philosophy of mind, neuroscience, linguistics, and psychology.


Hilary Whitehall Putnam (born July 31, 1926) has been a central figure in Western philosophy since the 1960s, especially in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and philosophy of science.[1] He is known for his willingness to apply an equal degree of scrutiny to his own philosophical positions and those of others, subjecting each position to rigorous analysis until he exposes its flaws.[2] As a result, he has acquired a reputation for frequently changing his own position.[3]

In philosophy of mind, Putnam is known for his hypothesis of multiple realizability, and for the concept of functionalism, an influential theory regarding the mind-body problem.[1][4] In philosophy of language, along with Saul Kripke and others, he developed the causal theory of reference, and formulated an original theory of meaning, inventing the notion of semantic externalism based on a famous thought experiment called Twin Earth.[5]

  • Research conducted at UCL has indicated that brain activity in the moments preceding an event affects the ability to recall it [1].
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Hans Berger - Korbinian Brodmann - Jean-Pierre Changeux - John Carew Eccles - Gerald M. Edelman - Michael Gazzaniga - Donald O. Hebb - David H. Hubel - Ted Jones - Eric R. Kandel - Christof Koch - Joseph LeDoux - Benjamin Libet - Vernon Mountcastle - Deepak Pandya - Wilder Penfield - Vilayanur S. Ramachandran - Santiago Ramón y Cajal - Oliver Sacks - Roger Sperry

Psychology, AI and general Cognitive Science:

John Anderson - Noam Chomsky - Antonio Damasio - Jerry Fodor - Heinz von Foerster - Howard Gardner - Douglas R. Hofstadter - William James - Warren McCulloch - Marvin Minsky - Allen Newell - Roger Penrose - Jean Piaget - Steven Pinker - Walter Pitts - Herbert Simon - Alan Turing - Anne Treisman - Joseph Weizenbaum - Norbert Wiener


David Malet Armstrong - Ansgar Beckermann - William Bechtel - Henri Bergson - Ned Block - Tyler Burge - David Chalmers - Patricia Churchland - Paul Churchland - Andy Clark - Donald Davidson - Daniel Dennett - Jerry Fodor - Frank Jackson - Jaegwon Kim - David Lewis - Ron McClamrock - Colin McGinn - Thomas Metzinger - Ruth Millikan - Karl Popper - Hilary Putnam - Richard Rorty - Gilbert Ryle - Jean-Paul Sartre - John Searle - J.J.C. Smart - Michael Tye - Ludwig Wittgenstein


Computation, Daniel Dennett, Jaegwon Kim, Neuroscience, Brain, Human brain, Premotor cortex, neutral monism, theory of mind


Terence Horgan, Intentional System, Logical Theorist, simulation theory of mind, Wolf Singer

New or improved

Zenon Pylyshyn, Philip Johnson-Laird, Rodney A. Brooks, Representational theory of mind, Orbitofrontal cortex, Joseph E. LeDoux, cellular memory, Embodied Embedded Cognition

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Casati R., "Hillary Putnam" in Enciclopedia Garzanti della Filosofia, ed. Gianni Vattimo. 2004. Garzanti Editori. Milan. ISBN 8811505151
  2. King, P.J. One Hundred Philosophers: The Life and Work of the World's Greatest Thinkers. Barron's 2004, p. 170.
  3. Jack Ritchie (June, 2002). "TPM:Philosopher of the Month". Retrieved 2006-08-01. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. LeDoux, J. (2002). The Synaptic Self; How Our Brains Become Who We Are. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 8870787958.
  5. P. Clark-B. Hale (eds.), "Reading Putnam", Blackwell, Cambridge (Massachusetts)-Oxford 1995.