Difference between revisions of "Ovarian cancer echocardiography or ultrasound"

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==Overview==
 
==Overview==
[[Pelvic ultrasound]] is the first imaging study that should be done to evaluate adnexal mass. The [[sensitivity]] and [[specificity]] of [[pelvic ultrasound]] are 86-91% and 68-83% respectively<ref name="pmid17854238" />.[[Ultrasonography]] helps approaching if the mass could be [[benign]] or if it has certain characteristics that increases the [[probability]] of being [[malignant]]. The [[specificity]] of [[ultrasound]] in detecting [[benign]] masses is high (almost certainly benign). The [[specificity]] of [[ultrasound]] in detecting [[malignant]] masses is low but the [[sensitivity]] is high because some may turn out to be [[malignant]] after surgical evaluation(a reasonable chance of being malignant)
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[[Pelvic ultrasound]] is the first imaging study that should be done to evaluate adnexal mass. The [[sensitivity]] and [[specificity]] of [[pelvic ultrasound]] are 86-91% and 68-83% respectively<ref name="pmid17854238">{{cite journal| author=Myers ER, Bastian LA, Havrilesky LJ, Kulasingam SL, Terplan MS, Cline KE et al.| title=Management of adnexal mass. | journal=Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) | year= 2006 | volume=  | issue= 130 | pages= 1-145 | pmid=17854238 | doi= | pmc=4781260 | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=17854238  }}</ref>.[[Ultrasonography]] helps approaching if the mass could be [[benign]] or if it has certain characteristics that increases the [[probability]] of being [[malignant]]. The [[specificity]] of [[ultrasound]] in detecting [[benign]] masses is high (almost certainly benign). The [[specificity]] of [[ultrasound]] in detecting [[malignant]] masses is low but the [[sensitivity]] is high because some may turn out to be [[malignant]] after surgical evaluation(a reasonable chance of being malignant)
  
 
==Echocardiography/Ultrasound==
 
==Echocardiography/Ultrasound==
  
[[Ovarian cancer]] can be detected [[incidentally]]
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[[Ovarian cancer]] can be detected [[incidentally]]:<ref name="pmid27054927">{{cite journal| author=van Nagell JR, Miller RW| title=Evaluation and Management of Ultrasonographically Detected Ovarian Tumors in Asymptomatic Women. | journal=Obstet Gynecol | year= 2016 | volume= 127 | issue= 5 | pages= 848-58 | pmid=27054927 | doi=10.1097/AOG.0000000000001384 | pmc= | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=27054927  }}</ref><ref name="pmid17854238" />
  
*[[Pelvic ultrasound]] is the first imaging study that should be done to evaluate [[adnexal mass]] ([[ovary]], [[fallopian tube]], surrounding [[connective tissue]])<ref name="pmid27054927">{{cite journal| author=van Nagell JR, Miller RW| title=Evaluation and Management of Ultrasonographically Detected Ovarian Tumors in Asymptomatic Women. | journal=Obstet Gynecol | year= 2016 | volume= 127 | issue= 5 | pages= 848-58 | pmid=27054927 | doi=10.1097/AOG.0000000000001384 | pmc= | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=27054927  }}</ref>
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*[[Pelvic ultrasound]] is the first imaging study that should be done to evaluate [[adnexal mass]] ([[ovary]], [[fallopian tube]], surrounding [[connective tissue]])
* The [[sensitivity]] and [[specificity]] of [[pelvic ultrasound]] are 86-91% and 68-83% respectively<ref name="pmid17854238">{{cite journal| author=Myers ER, Bastian LA, Havrilesky LJ, Kulasingam SL, Terplan MS, Cline KE et al.| title=Management of adnexal mass. | journal=Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) | year= 2006 | volume=  | issue= 130 | pages= 1-145 | pmid=17854238 | doi= | pmc=4781260 | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=17854238  }}</ref>
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* The [[sensitivity]] and [[specificity]] of [[pelvic ultrasound]] are 86-91% and 68-83% respectively
 
*The [[adnexal mass]] can present as one of the following
 
*The [[adnexal mass]] can present as one of the following
 
**[[Pain]] and [[pressure]]
 
**[[Pain]] and [[pressure]]
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*The [[specificity]] of [[ultrasound]] in detecting [[malignant]] masses is low but the [[sensitivity]] is high because some may turn out to be [[malignant]] after surgical evaluation(a reasonable chance of being malignant)
 
*The [[specificity]] of [[ultrasound]] in detecting [[malignant]] masses is low but the [[sensitivity]] is high because some may turn out to be [[malignant]] after surgical evaluation(a reasonable chance of being malignant)
 
*Simple roles are used bu IOTA study group to classify [[adnexal]] masses finding on ultrasound into:<ref name="pmid26800772">{{cite journal| author=Timmerman D, Van Calster B, Testa A, Savelli L, Fischerova D, Froyman W et al.| title=Predicting the risk of malignancy in adnexal masses based on the Simple Rules from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group. | journal=Am J Obstet Gynecol | year= 2016 | volume= 214 | issue= 4 | pages= 424-437 | pmid=26800772 | doi=10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.007 | pmc= | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=26800772  }}  [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=&cmd=prlinks&id=27506445 Review in: Evid Based Med. 2016 Oct;21(5):197]</ref>
 
*Simple roles are used bu IOTA study group to classify [[adnexal]] masses finding on ultrasound into:<ref name="pmid26800772">{{cite journal| author=Timmerman D, Van Calster B, Testa A, Savelli L, Fischerova D, Froyman W et al.| title=Predicting the risk of malignancy in adnexal masses based on the Simple Rules from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group. | journal=Am J Obstet Gynecol | year= 2016 | volume= 214 | issue= 4 | pages= 424-437 | pmid=26800772 | doi=10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.007 | pmc= | url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=26800772  }}  [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&tool=sumsearch.org/cite&retmode=&cmd=prlinks&id=27506445 Review in: Evid Based Med. 2016 Oct;21(5):197]</ref>
*[[Benign]] [[adnexal]] [[mass]] findings (B-features ):
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**[[Benign]] [[adnexal]] [[mass]] findings (B-features ):
**[[Unilocular]] cyst
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***[[Unilocular]] cyst
** No solid components and if present, <7 mm in diameter
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***No solid components and if present, <7 mm in diameter
** Detection of acoustic shadowing
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***Detection of acoustic shadowing
** Multilocular cyst <10 cm in diameter
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***Multilocular cyst <10 cm in diameter
** No blood flow
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***No blood flow
*[[Malignant]] [[adnexal]] [[mass]] finding (M-features ):
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**[[Malignant]] [[adnexal]] [[mass]] finding (M-features ):
** Solid irregular component : not hyperechoic, nodular or papillary,
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***Solid irregular component : not hyperechoic, nodular or papillary,
**Detection of peritoneal fluid ([[ascites]])
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***Detection of peritoneal fluid ([[ascites]])
**Detection of four [[papillary]] structures at least
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***Detection of four [[papillary]] structures at least
** Irregularly thick septations , >2 to 3 mm.
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***Irregularly thick septations , >2 to 3 mm.
**irregular solid-multilocular tumor, largest diameter over 10 cm
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***Irregular solid-multilocular tumor, largest diameter over 10 cm
** Detection of strong flow in the solid component by the color or power [[Doppler ultrasound|doppler]]
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***Detection of strong flow in the solid component by the color or power [[Doppler ultrasound|doppler]]
**Detection of [[peritoneal]] [[Mass|masses]], [[lymphadenopathy]], or matted [[bowel]]
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***Detection of [[peritoneal]] [[Mass|masses]], [[lymphadenopathy]], or matted [[bowel]]
**
 
  
 
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Latest revision as of 15:35, 13 September 2019

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Huda A. Karman, M.D.

Overview

Pelvic ultrasound is the first imaging study that should be done to evaluate adnexal mass. The sensitivity and specificity of pelvic ultrasound are 86-91% and 68-83% respectively[1].Ultrasonography helps approaching if the mass could be benign or if it has certain characteristics that increases the probability of being malignant. The specificity of ultrasound in detecting benign masses is high (almost certainly benign). The specificity of ultrasound in detecting malignant masses is low but the sensitivity is high because some may turn out to be malignant after surgical evaluation(a reasonable chance of being malignant)

Echocardiography/Ultrasound

Ovarian cancer can be detected incidentally:[2][1]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Myers ER, Bastian LA, Havrilesky LJ, Kulasingam SL, Terplan MS, Cline KE; et al. (2006). "Management of adnexal mass". Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) (130): 1–145. PMC 4781260. PMID 17854238.
  2. van Nagell JR, Miller RW (2016). "Evaluation and Management of Ultrasonographically Detected Ovarian Tumors in Asymptomatic Women". Obstet Gynecol. 127 (5): 848–58. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000001384. PMID 27054927.
  3. Timmerman D, Van Calster B, Testa A, Savelli L, Fischerova D, Froyman W; et al. (2016). "Predicting the risk of malignancy in adnexal masses based on the Simple Rules from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group". Am J Obstet Gynecol. 214 (4): 424–437. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.007. PMID 26800772. Review in: Evid Based Med. 2016 Oct;21(5):197

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