Difference between revisions of "Menopause natural history, complications and prognosis"

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=== Complications ===
 
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* Common complications of menopause include:
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Latest revision as of 16:10, 2 August 2020

Menopause Microchapters

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Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Editor-In-Chief: Rahmah Al-Edresi, M.D.


Overview

The symptoms of menopause typically develop in the menopausal transition years. Left untreated women, 15% increased the risk of causes mortality among women with menopausal symptoms after approximately 7.4 years on average, women may progress to develop hypertension, atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia. Common complications of menopause include Cardiovascular Disease/chronic heart disease, stroke, Osteoporosis.

Generally, the prognosis of menopause is good with treatment and a healthy lifestyle include stop smoking, a healthy diet, and exercise. In the late post-menopause stage, most menopausal symptoms relieved in most women. but untreated menopausal symptoms are poor prognosis in women which have high-risk factors to develop of complications that are associated with menopause.[1][2]

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History

  • The symptoms of menopause typically develop in the menopausal transition years, which is defined as perimenopause and start with amenorrhea for tow months and more in addition to vasomotor symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, palpitations, and migraines. These symptoms continued until reach to postmenopause, in this stage a woman has amenorrhea for on year and vasomotor symptoms in addition to other symptoms such as vaginal atrophy, decreased libido, stress incontinence, frequency, depression and sleep disturbance.
  • Untreated women, 15% increased the risk of causes mortality among women with menopausal symptoms after approximately 7.4 years on average, women may progress to develop hypertension, atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia.

Complications

  • Common complications of menopause include:
    1. Cardiovascular Disease/chronic heart disease
    2. stroke
    3. Osteoporosis More than 250,000 menopausal and postmenopausal women are affected by osteoporosis.

Prognosis

  • Generally, the prognosis of menopause is good with treatment and healthy lifestyle include stop smoking and a healthy diet and exercise. In the late post-menopause stage, most menopausal symptoms relieved in most women. but untreated menopausal symptoms are poor prognosis among women which have high-risk factors to develop complications that are associated with menopause.





References