Menopause epidemiology and demographics
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The prevalence of menopause is estimated to be about 50 million cases annually. Menopause naturally occurs in women between 49 to 52 of age the average. The fatality cases were 345 cases per 3191 women aged between 50-86 years in the United States. There is no racial predilection to Menopause, but African American women had experienced the largest number of menopausal symptoms compared with other ethnic groups.
Epidemiology and Demographics
Prevalence and Incidence
- The prevalence of menopause is estimated to be about 50 million cases worldwide will go into menopause annually.
- In 1990 there were 467 million postmenopausal women in the world, by 2030, menopausal women are projected to increase to 1.2 billion worldwide.
- The prevalence of menopausal symptoms differ in women according to areas and countries that they live them, the menopausal symptoms ranges from 74% of women in Europe, 36-50% in North America, 45-69% in Latin America and 22-63% in Asia.
- The prevalence of menopausal symptoms among women prescribed hormone therapy (HT), the mean age of patients was 54 years. The most common menopausal symptoms were: hot flushes (40 %), night sweats (17 %), insomnia (16 %), vaginal dryness (13 %), mood disorders (12 %), and weight gain (12 %).
- 85 % of postmenopausal women have experienced a menopausal symptom in their lifetime, and the prevalence of vasomotor symptoms( hot flushes and/or night sweats) alone is estimated at approximately 40 to 50 million women in the United States.
- The onset age of menopause between the ages of 50-53 in Europe.
- In North America, the onset age of menopause from 50-51years.
- In Latin America, the onset age of menopause from 44- 53 years.
- In Asia, the onset age of menopause from 42-49 years.
- In 1997, the fatality cases were 345 cases per 3191 women aged between 50-86 years in the United States over a mean follow-up time of 4.0 years.
- The mortality rate ratio (MRR) was 1.50% for women with menopause at age < 40, and the MRR of women with menopause at age 40-44 was 1.04%. While the MRR for women with menopause at age 45-49 was 0.96%.
- The prevalence of menopause does not vary by race.
- The ethnic differences in the symptoms experienced during the menopausal transition were noted. Asian women had experienced the smallest number of menopausal symptoms compared with all other ethnic groups, but African American women had experienced the largest number of menopausal symptoms compared with other ethnic groups.
- ↑ Massart F, Reginster JY, Brandi ML (2001). "Genetics of menopause-associated diseases". Maturitas. 40 (2): 103–16. doi:10.1016/s0378-5122(01)00283-3. PMID 11716989.
- ↑ Hill K (1996). "The demography of menopause". Maturitas. 23 (2): 113–27. doi:10.1016/0378-5122(95)00968-x. PMID 8735350.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Palacios S, Henderson VW, Siseles N, Tan D, Villaseca P (2010). "Age of menopause and impact of climacteric symptoms by geographical region". Climacteric. 13 (5): 419–28. doi:10.3109/13697137.2010.507886. PMID 20690868.
- ↑ Sussman M, Trocio J, Best C, Mirkin S, Bushmakin AG, Yood R; et al. (2015). "Prevalence of menopausal symptoms among mid-life women: findings from electronic medical records". BMC Womens Health. 15: 58. doi:10.1186/s12905-015-0217-y. PMC 4542113. PMID 26271251.
- ↑ Cooper GS, Sandler DP (1998). "Age at natural menopause and mortality". Ann Epidemiol. 8 (4): 229–35. doi:10.1016/s1047-2797(97)00207-x. PMID 9590601.
- ↑ Green R, Santoro N (2009). "Menopausal symptoms and ethnicity: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation". Womens Health (Lond). 5 (2): 127–33. doi:10.2217/17455057.5.2.127. PMC 3270699. PMID 19245351.