Difference between revisions of "Menopause causes"

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== <big>'''Overview'''</big> ==
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== <big>Overview</big> ==
 
Menopause occurs naturally or can be induced, Induced menopause happens as a result of bilateral [[oophorectomy]], [[hysterectomy]], [[salpingo-oophorectomy]], a complication of [[tubal ligation]], complications of treatment, such as [[chemotherapy]] and [[radiotherapy]], [[autoimmune diseases]] such as [[Thyroid diseases|thyroid disease]], [[rheumatoid arthritis]], Turner’s syndrome, myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, [[polycystic ovary syndrome]], premature ovarian insufficiency.  
 
Menopause occurs naturally or can be induced, Induced menopause happens as a result of bilateral [[oophorectomy]], [[hysterectomy]], [[salpingo-oophorectomy]], a complication of [[tubal ligation]], complications of treatment, such as [[chemotherapy]] and [[radiotherapy]], [[autoimmune diseases]] such as [[Thyroid diseases|thyroid disease]], [[rheumatoid arthritis]], Turner’s syndrome, myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, [[polycystic ovary syndrome]], premature ovarian insufficiency.  
  
 
Several risk factors accelerate happen early menopause such as undiagnosed and untreated coeliac disease, family history and Cigarette smoking has been found to decrease the age at menopause by as much as one year and women who smoke have early menopause before non-smoking women.<ref>https://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause/early-or-premature-menopause</ref><ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menopause#Causes</ref>  
 
Several risk factors accelerate happen early menopause such as undiagnosed and untreated coeliac disease, family history and Cigarette smoking has been found to decrease the age at menopause by as much as one year and women who smoke have early menopause before non-smoking women.<ref>https://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause/early-or-premature-menopause</ref><ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menopause#Causes</ref>  
  
== '''<big>causes</big>''' ==
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==<big>causes</big>==
  
=== <big>Common causes:</big> ===
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====<big>'''Common causes:'''</big>====
  
 
*'''<big>Age:</big>'''
 
*'''<big>Age:</big>'''
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# Hysterectomy, removal of the uterus.
 
# Hysterectomy, removal of the uterus.
  
=== <big>Less common causes:</big> ===
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====<big>Less common causes:</big>====
  
 
#Chronic fatigue syndrome, Women with chronic fatigue syndrome are more likely to have early or premature menopause.
 
#Chronic fatigue syndrome, Women with chronic fatigue syndrome are more likely to have early or premature menopause.
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# HIV and AIDS, Women with HIV whose infection is not well controlled with medicine may experience early menopause. Women with HIV may also have more severe hot flashes than women without HIV.
 
# HIV and AIDS, Women with HIV whose infection is not well controlled with medicine may experience early menopause. Women with HIV may also have more severe hot flashes than women without HIV.
  
=== <big>Genetic cause:</big> ===
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====<big>Genetic cause:</big>====
  
 
*Fragile X syndrome gene  
 
*Fragile X syndrome gene  

Latest revision as of 19:12, 2 August 2020

Menopause Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Epidemiology and Demographics

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Other Imaging Findings

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

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Case #1

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US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

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Blogs on Menopause causes

Directions to Hospitals Treating Menopause

Risk calculators and risk factors for Menopause causes

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Editor-In-Chief: Rahmah Al-Edresi, M.D.

Overview

Menopause occurs naturally or can be induced, Induced menopause happens as a result of bilateral oophorectomy, hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, a complication of tubal ligation, complications of treatment, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, autoimmune diseases such as thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Turner’s syndrome, myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, premature ovarian insufficiency.

Several risk factors accelerate happen early menopause such as undiagnosed and untreated coeliac disease, family history and Cigarette smoking has been found to decrease the age at menopause by as much as one year and women who smoke have early menopause before non-smoking women.[1][2]

causes

Common causes:

  • Age:

As women age, physiological menopause happened is the result of the eventual atresia of almost all oocytes in the ovaries and deficiency of estrogen and progesterone hormone production.

  • Certain health conditions:
  1. Autoimmune diseases
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis
  3. Diabetes Mellitus
  4. Thyroid disease
  5. Premature ovarian insufficiency
  6. Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Chemotherapy or radiotherapy:.

Treatments of cancer can damage ovaries and cause periods to stop forever or just for a while.

  • Surgical causes:
  1. Bilateral oophorectomy, remove ovaries and salpingo-oophorectomy, remove ovaries with Fallopian tubes.
  2. Hysterectomy, removal of the uterus.

Less common causes:

  1. Chronic fatigue syndrome, Women with chronic fatigue syndrome are more likely to have early or premature menopause.
  1. HIV and AIDS, Women with HIV whose infection is not well controlled with medicine may experience early menopause. Women with HIV may also have more severe hot flashes than women without HIV.

Genetic cause:

  • Fragile X syndrome gene
  • Missing chromosomes such as Turner’s syndrome.


References