Revision as of 17:13, 9 August 2012 by WikiBot (talk | contribs) (Robot: Automated text replacement (-{{SIB}} + & -{{EH}} + & -{{EJ}} + & -{{Editor Help}} + & -{{Editor Join}} +))
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

WikiDoc Resources for Mastopexy


Most recent articles on Mastopexy

Most cited articles on Mastopexy

Review articles on Mastopexy

Articles on Mastopexy in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Mastopexy

Images of Mastopexy

Photos of Mastopexy

Podcasts & MP3s on Mastopexy

Videos on Mastopexy

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Mastopexy

Bandolier on Mastopexy

TRIP on Mastopexy

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Mastopexy at Clinical

Trial results on Mastopexy

Clinical Trials on Mastopexy at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Mastopexy

NICE Guidance on Mastopexy


FDA on Mastopexy

CDC on Mastopexy


Books on Mastopexy


Mastopexy in the news

Be alerted to news on Mastopexy

News trends on Mastopexy


Blogs on Mastopexy


Definitions of Mastopexy

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Mastopexy

Discussion groups on Mastopexy

Patient Handouts on Mastopexy

Directions to Hospitals Treating Mastopexy

Risk calculators and risk factors for Mastopexy

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Mastopexy

Causes & Risk Factors for Mastopexy

Diagnostic studies for Mastopexy

Treatment of Mastopexy

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Mastopexy


Mastopexy en Espanol

Mastopexy en Francais


Mastopexy in the Marketplace

Patents on Mastopexy

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Mastopexy

Editors-In-Chief: Martin I. Newman, M.D., FACS, Cleveland Clinic Florida, [1]; Michel C. Samson, M.D., FRCSC, FACS [2]


Mastopexy or breast lift surgery refers to a group of elective surgical operations designed to lessen the degree of breast ptosis (the "droop" of the breasts). Many patients opt for mastopexy alone. When breast implants are placed as part of the procedure, it is known as a breast augmentation.

The shape of a breast is determined by its skin, its volume and by its connective tissue. Mastopexy procedures may change any of these by reshaping the skin 'bra', by adding volume with implants, or by altering the structure of the breast tissue.


Full breast lift


The full breast lift involves an incision along the crease underneath the breast, incisions around the areola, and a vertical incision between the areola and the base of the breast. This incision is sometimes called an "anchor incision" because of its shape. It is also sometimes called the Wise pattern, after Robert Wise, who described this incision and its use for breast reduction. This approach allows maximal change to the breast, with elevation of the nipple, as well as a redesign of the conical shape of the breast.


The scar is in three distinct locations that each have a characteristic pattern of healing. In the peri-areolar area, scarring is partially concealed by the change in color at the transition from breast skin to the pigmented skin of the areola. The vertical incision from the areola to the crease may be hidden in shadow. The inframmary portion of the scar, along the fold created by the breast is often the thickest of the scars, but it may be hidden in the inframammary fold.

Modified breast lifts


Modified breast lifts use fewer incisions than the full procedure. A popular form of the modified breast lift is the Benelli breast lift, otherwise known as the concentric mastopexy. This uses only an incision around the areola.


An advantage of this procedure is that there is less scarring, with scarring only around the areola. A drawback is that there can be less change made to the breast's shape, and scars are prone to scar hypertrophy or stretching of the scar. Benelli procedures are frequently performed along with breast augmentation in order to overcome the inability to produce a more conical breast with the anchor or Wise pattern incision. This procedure is criticized because of the tendency to flatten the breast.

Length of effects

In most cases, aging breast tissue will not maintain the shape that the mastopexy initially brought. Usually, gravity will eventually cause ptosis to return to some degree. Surgeons may choose to take into account the design of the mastopexy, and choose to make a more pronounced change which will be apparent for the first month or two after surgery. The design may relax into the desired position as the skin redrapes for two months post-operation.

See also

Cleft lip and palate Microchapters


Patient Information




Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination



Psychosocial Issues

Primary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Mastopexy On the Web

Most recent articles

cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Mastopexy

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Mastopexy

CDC on Mastopexy

Mastopexy in the news

Blogs on Mastopexy

Directions to Hospitals Treating Cleft lip and palate

Risk calculators and risk factors for Mastopexy

Template:Operations and other procedures of the integumentary system

de:Mastopexie Template:WH Template:WikiDoc Sources