Linitis plastica risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1];Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hadeel Maksoud M.D.[2]


The most potent risk factor in the development of linitis plastica is the presence of CDH1 gene mutations. Other risk factors include Asian race, male sex, and low dietary fiber.

Risk Factors

Common risk factors in the development of linitis plastica may include:[1][2][3][4]

  • Asian race (particularly Japanese)
  • Male
  • Presence of CDH1 gene mutation
  • History of breast cancer

Less common risk factors include:


  1. Wolf, E.-M.; Geigl, J.B.; Svrcek, M.; Vieth, M.; Langner, C. (2010). "Hereditäres Magenkarzinom". Der Pathologe. 31 (6): 423–429. doi:10.1007/s00292-010-1353-7. ISSN 0172-8113.
  2. Gastric linitis plastica. Orphanet. Accessed on December 7, 2015.
  3. van der Post RS, Vogelaar IP, Carneiro F, Guilford P, Huntsman D, Hoogerbrugge N, Caldas C, Schreiber KE, Hardwick RH, Ausems MG, Bardram L, Benusiglio PR, Bisseling TM, Blair V, Bleiker E, Boussioutas A, Cats A, Coit D, DeGregorio L, Figueiredo J, Ford JM, Heijkoop E, Hermens R, Humar B, Kaurah P, Keller G, Lai J, Ligtenberg MJ, O'Donovan M, Oliveira C, Pinheiro H, Ragunath K, Rasenberg E, Richardson S, Roviello F, Schackert H, Seruca R, Taylor A, Ter Huurne A, Tischkowitz M, Joe ST, van Dijck B, van Grieken NC, van Hillegersberg R, van Sandick JW, Vehof R, van Krieken JH, Fitzgerald RC (2015). "Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer: updated clinical guidelines with an emphasis on germline CDH1 mutation carriers". J. Med. Genet. 52 (6): 361–74. doi:10.1136/jmedgenet-2015-103094. PMC 4453626. PMID 25979631.
  4. M A M, Pera G, Agudo A, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Palli D, Boeing H, Carneiro F, Berrino F, Sacerdote C, Tumino R, Panico S, Berglund G, Manjer J, Johansson I, Stenling R, Martinez C, Dorronsoro M, Barricarte A, Tormo MJ, Quiros JR, Allen N, Key TJ, Bingham S, Linseisen J, Kaaks R, Overvad K, Jensen M, Olsen A, Tjønneland A, Peeters PH, Numans ME, Ocké MC, Clavel-Chapelon F, Boutron-Ruault MC, Trichopoulou A, Lund E, Slimani N, Jenab M, Ferrari P, Riboli E, González CA (2007). "Cereal fiber intake may reduce risk of gastric adenocarcinomas: the EPIC-EURGAST study". Int. J. Cancer. 121 (7): 1618–23. doi:10.1002/ijc.22896. PMID 17582605. Vancouver style error: name (help)

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