|Chemical structure of kyotorphin|
|Systematic name||L-Arginine, L-tyrosyl-|
|Molecular mass||337.374 g/mol|
|Melting point||xx.x °C|
|Boiling point||xx.x °C|
|Disclaimer and references|
Kyotorphin (L-tyrosyl-L-arginine) is a neuroactive dipeptide which plays a role in pain regulation in the brain. It was first isolated from bovine brain by Japanese scientists in 1979. Kyotorphin was named for the site of its discovery, Kyoto, Japan and because of its morphine- (or endorphin-) like analgesic activity. Kyotorphin has an analgesic effect, but it does not interact with the opioid receptors. Instead, it acts by releasing an Met-enkephalin and stabilizing it from degradation. It may also possess properties of neuromediator/neuromodulator. It has been shown that kyotorphin is present in the human cerebrospinal fluid and that it is lower in patients with persistent pain.
- Takagi H, Shiomi H, Ueda and Amano H (1979) A novel analgesic dipeptide from bovine brain is a possible met-enkephalin releaser. Nature (Lond) 282: 410-412.
- K, Kaya K, Hazato T, Ueda H, Satoh M, Takagi H. (1991) Kyotorphin like substance in human cerebrospinal fluid of patients with persistent pain Masui. Nov;40(11):1686-90.