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Kinesiology is the scientific study of the anatomy, physiology, and mechanics of body movement, especially in humans. [1] The word kinesiology is derived the Greek "kinesis" (motion) + the suffix -ology or -logy from the greek "logos" or "logia"(meaning a field of study). The American Kinesiology Association represents the academic field of kinesiology.

Kinesiology encompasses human anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, exercise physiology, exercise psychology and sociology, history, and philosophy of sport.


Below is a (slightly simplified) table of the motions available at the different joints of the body:

region flexion/extension abduction/adduction internal/external rotation circumduction other
Shoulder yes Serratus anterior/Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor,Kerbe Serratus anterior, Pectoralis minor,Levator scapulae,Trapezius yes elevation/depression
Trapezius,Sternocleidomastoid,Levator scapulae/Subclavius
Elbow Biceps brachii, Brachialis/Triceps brachii no no no pronation/supination
Pronator quadratus and Pronator teres/Supinator
Wrist Flexor carpi radialis/Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus yes no yes no
Hip Psoas, Iliacus, Quadriceps/Gluteus maximus, Hamstring adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis Lateral rotator group/Gluteus minimus, Gluteus medius no no
Knee Hamstring/Quadriceps no no no no
Ankle (dorsiflexion/plantarflexion)
Tibialis anterior/Fibularis longus, Fibularis brevis
no no no inversion/eversion
Tibialis anterior/Fibularis brevis
Torso Rectus abdominis/Erector spinae no no no no



ca:Cinesiologia de:Kinesiologie eo:Kinezologio hr:Kineziologija sl:Kineziologija fi:Kinesiologia