Head injury history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Symptoms

Presentation varies according to the injury. Some patients with head trauma stabilize and other patients deteriorate. A patient may present with or without neurologic deficit.

Patients with a concussion may have a history of being unconscious for seconds to minutes followed by a normal return to consciousness. Disturbance of vision and equilibrium may also occur.

Common symptoms of head injury include those indicative of traumatic brain injury:

Symptoms of a skull fracture can include:

Because brain injuries can be life threatening, even people with apparently slight injuries, with no noticeable signs or complaints, require close observation. The caretakers of those patients with mild trauma, who are released from the hospital, are frequently advised to rouse the patient several times during the next 12 to 24 hours to assess for worsening symptoms.

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