Fat embolism syndrome CT

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Fat embolism syndrome Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Feham Tariq, MD [2]

Overview

High resolution computed tomopraphy (HRCT) of the lung shows thickening of the interlobular septa, bilateral ground-glass opacities and centrilobular nodular opacities. CT scan of the head is also done in patients with neurological deficits.

CT

High resolution computed tomopraphy (HRCT) of the lung:

High resolution computed tomopraphy (HRCT) of the lung reveals the following findings:[1][2][3]

  • Thickening of the interlobular septa
  • Bilateral ground-glass opacities[4]
  • Centrilobular nodular opacities[5]

CT scan brain:

It is performed in the following patients:

CT head helps rule out other causes of loss of consciousness

Following findings are seen:

CT chest of fat embolism syndrome


Cerebral fat embolism

References

  1. Tang CX, Zhou CS, Zhao YE, Schoepf UJ, Mangold S, Ball BD; et al. (2017). "Detection of pulmonary fat embolism with dual-energy CT: an experimental study in rabbits". Eur Radiol. 27 (4): 1377–1385. doi:10.1007/s00330-016-4512-2. PMID 27510627.
  2. Akoh CC, Schick C, Otero J, Karam M (2014). "Fat embolism syndrome after femur fracture fixation: a case report". Iowa Orthop J. 34: 55–62. PMC 4127739. PMID 25328460.
  3. Piolanti M, Dalpiaz G, Scaglione M, Coniglio C, Miceli M, Violini S; et al. (2016). "Fat Embolism Syndrome: Lung Computed Tomography Findings in 18 Patients". J Comput Assist Tomogr. 40 (3): 335–42. doi:10.1097/RCT.0000000000000376. PMID 26938691.
  4. Heyneman LE, Müller NL (2000). "Pulmonary nodules in early fat embolism syndrome: a case report". J Thorac Imaging. 15 (1): 71–4. PMID 10634667.
  5. Gallardo X, Castañer E, Mata JM, Rimola J, Branera J (2006). "Nodular pattern at lung computed tomography in fat embolism syndrome: a helpful finding". J Comput Assist Tomogr. 30 (2): 254–7. PMID 16628042.

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