Confusion physical examination

Revision as of 19:55, 2 June 2015 by Kiran Singh (talk | contribs) (→‎References)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Confusion Microchapters


Patient Information




Differentiating Confusion from other Symptoms

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


Chest X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Confusion physical examination On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Confusion physical examination

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Confusion physical examination

CDC on Confusion physical examination

Confusion physical examination in the news

Blogs on Confusion physical examination

Directions to Hospitals Treating Confusion

Risk calculators and risk factors for Confusion physical examination

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Govindavarjhulla, M.B.B.S. [2]


In cases of confusion, a physical examination helps in localizing the lesion if the cause is from the brain. It also gives clues to the underlying cause of the disease. A complete neurological examination may not be done due to a limitation of the patient's condition.

Physical Examination

General Examination

A comprehensive examination may be tough due to an altered mental status of the patient.

Vital Signs

  • Temperature: An increase in temperature is significant for some infective foci.
  • Blood pressure: If the blood pressure is decreased, it can be indicative of shock and hypoperfusion.
  • Pulse: If the pulse is increased, it may be correlated to a raise in temperature.
  • Respiratory rate: There may be hyperventilation in a few conditions due to anxiety, but in severe cases leading to a coma, the respiratory rate may be compromised.


  • Cranial nerve examination : This is limited by uncooperative patients. Funduscopic examination helps in checking for papilledema or hemorrhages. Checking for a gag reflex to ensure safe oral feeds and medications.
  • Motor examination : This can help in diagnosing an underlying brain disease.
  • Gait evaluation : This can be used to check for a cerebellar lesion.



Template:WH Template:WS