Chronic cholecystitis historical perspective

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Furqan M M. M.B.B.S[2], Aditya Govindavarjhulla, M.B.B.S. [3]

Overview

Gallstones have been found in 3500 years old Egyptian mummies during the autopsies. In 1420, Antonio Benivieni was the first to describe gallstones. Carl Langenbuch performed the first cholecystectomy of a 43-year-old man who had suffered from biliary colic for sixteen years. Historically, open cholecystectomy was the treatment employed for chronic cholecystitis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was developed to treat chronic cholecystitis and the shift from open to laparoscopic cholecystectomy occurred in the late 1980s.

Historical Perspective

Discovery

Landmark Events in the Development of Treatment Strategies

The landmarks in the development of treatment strategies for acute cholecystitis are:[5][6][7]

  • In 1733, Jean-Louis Petit, a Parisian surgeon suggested that if biliary colic occurred in association with reddening of the abdominal skin, the surgeon should lance the area, remove the gallstones, and leave a gall fistula. In 1743, he performed this procedure.
  • In 1859, when J. L. W. Thudichum proposed a two-stage elective cholecystostomy.
  • In 1882, Langenbuch performed the first cholecystectomy of a 43-year-old man who had suffered from biliary colic for sixteen years.
  • By 1890, 47 cholecystectomies were performed by twenty-seven surgeons, and in 1897 the number had risen to nearly a hundred operations with a mortality of less than 20%.
  • In 1949, eosinophilic cholecystitis was first described.[8]
  • In 1976, xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) was discovered by J.J. McCoy, Jr., and colleagues. Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is a rare form of gallbladder disease which mimics gallbladder cancer although it is not cancerous.
  • Historically, open cholecystectomy was the treatment employed for the treatment of chronic cholecystitis.
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was developed to treat chronic cholecystitis and the shift from open to laparoscopic cholecystectomy occurred in the late 1980s.

References

  1. Stinton LM, Myers RP, Shaffer EA (2010). "Epidemiology of gallstones". Gastroenterol. Clin. North Am. 39 (2): 157–69, vii. doi:10.1016/j.gtc.2010.02.003. PMID 20478480.
  2. Weir, J. (1953). Gallstones. Veterans Administration Technical Bulletin TB. pp. 10–92. Vancouver style error: non-Latin character (help)
  3. Bett, W R (1934). A short history of some common diseases, edited by W.R. Bett. Oxford university press, H. Milford. Vancouver style error: punctuation (help)
  4. Langenbuch C (1696). Ein Ruckblick auf die Entwicklung der Chirurgie des Callensystems. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Cesselschaft fur Chirurgie. p. 661.
  5. Traverso LW (1976). "Carl Langenbuch and the first cholecystectomy". Am. J. Surg. 132 (1): 81–2. PMID 782269.
  6. Knab LM, Boller AM, Mahvi DM (2014). "Cholecystitis". Surg. Clin. North Am. 94 (2): 455–70. doi:10.1016/j.suc.2014.01.005. PMID 24679431.
  7. Makino I, Yamaguchi T, Sato N, Yasui T, Kita I (2009). "Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis mimicking gallbladder carcinoma with a false-positive result on fluorodeoxyglucose PET". World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG. 15 (29): 3691–3. PMC 2721248. PMID 19653352. Retrieved 2012-08-20. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  8. Dabbs DJ (1993). "Eosinophilic and lymphoeosinophilic cholecystitis". The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 17 (5): 497–501. PMID 8470764. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)




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