Chronic Stable Angina Epidemiology

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [2]

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As the population ages, ischemic heart disease is projected to be a major public health concern worldwide. Currently, more than 6.5 million of American suffers from chronic stable angina pectoris.

The prevalence of stable angina pectoris increases sharply with age in both genders. Its prevalence is 0.1-1% in women 45-54 years old and 10-15% in women 65-74 years old. Similarly, the prevalence is 2-5% in men in 45-54 years old and 10-20% in men 65-74 years old. Therefore, it can be estimated that in most European countries, 20,000-40,000 individuals per million in the general population suffer from chronic stable angina pectoris.

All forms of coronary heart disease are much less common in the Third World countries, as the risk factors for coronary artery disease are much more common in Western and Westernized countries. Chronic stable angina could therefore be considered to be one of several diseases of affluence.

Increases in smoking, obesity and other modifiable risk factors has led to recent increases in chronic stable angina pectoris prevalence and related diseases in countries such as China.