|Buccinator outlined in red.|
|Gray's||subject #108 384|
|Origin:||from the alveolar processes of the maxillary bone and mandible, pterygomandibular raphe|
|Insertion:||in the fibres of the orbicularis oris|
|Nerve:||buccal branch of the facial nerve (VII cranial nerve)|
|Action:||The buccinator compresses the cheeks against the teeth and is used in acts such as blowing. It is an assistant muscle of mastication (chewing).|
Its action is to pull back the angle of the mouth and to flatten the cheek area.
Origin and insertion
It arises from the outer surfaces of the alveolar processes of the maxilla and mandible, corresponding to the three molar teeth; and behind, from the anterior border of the pterygomandibular raphé which separates it from the Constrictor pharyngis superior.
The fibers converge toward the angle of the mouth, where the central fibers intersect each other, those from below being continuous with the upper segment of the Orbicularis oris, and those from above with the lower segment; the upper and lower fibers are continued forward into the corresponding lip without decussation.
Motor innervation is from the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII), and sensory innervation is from the buccal branch of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V).
- -845545395 at GPnotebook
- LUC buc
- Buccinator+muscle at eMedicine Dictionary
- Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, at Elsevier 05287.011-1
- Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, at Elsevier 25420.000-1
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.