Alport syndrome (patient information)

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Alport syndrome


What are the symptoms?

What are the causes?


When to seek urgent medical care?

Treatment options


What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications

Alport syndrome On the Web

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Directions to Hospitals Treating Alport syndrome

Risk calculators and risk factors for Alport syndrome

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aarti Narayan, M.B.B.S [2]


Alport syndrome is an inherited disorder that damages the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys.

What are the symptoms of Alport syndrome?

Urinary symptoms include:

Eye symptoms include:

Ear symptoms include:

Other symptoms:

What causes Alport syndrome?

Alport syndrome is an inherited form of kidney inflammation (nephritis). It is caused by a mutation in a gene coding for a protein in the connective tissue called collagen. The disorder is uncommon. It most often affects males. Women can pass the gene for the disorder to their children, even if they have no symptoms. Risk factors include:


Signs include:

Tests include:

When to seek urgent medical care?

Call for an appointment with your health care provider if:

Treatment options

Prevention of Alport syndrome

This uncommon disorder is inherited. Awareness of risk factors, such as a family history of the disorder, may allow the condition to be detected early.

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Women usually have a normal lifespan with no signs of the disease except for blood in the urine. Rarely, women will have high blood pressure, swelling, and nerve deafness as a complication of pregnancy. In men, deafness, vision problems, and end-stage kidney disease are likely by age 50.

Possible complications

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