The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute (formerly the Sanger Centre) is a genome research centre in Cambridgeshire, England. It was set up in 1992 by the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council, the purpose of which is stated on their website (http://www.sanger.ac.uk) as "to further our knowledge of genomes, and in particular to play a substantial role in the sequencing and interpretation of the human genome. This information will underpin research on human biology and disease in this century and beyond."
Besides its involvement in a large number of genome sequencing projects, the institute hosts many different (large-scale) research projects and is regarded as a key player in the international research community.
The projects include:
PhD students trained at the institute are registered at the University of Cambridge.
The history of the institute can be read here.