Ventromedial nucleus

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Brain: Ventromedial nucleus
Ventromedial nucleus is 'VM', at center, in green.
Latin nucleus ventromedialis hypothalami
Part of Hypothalamus
Artery Basilar
NeuroNames hier-381
MeSH Ventromedial+Hypothalamic+Nucleus
Dorlands/Elsevier n_11/12584102

The ventromedial nucleus (sometimes referred to as the ventromedial hypothalamus) is a nucleus of the hypothalamus.


It has four subdivisions:

  • anterior (VMHa)
  • dorsomedial (VMHdm)
  • ventrolateral (VMHvl)
  • central (VMHc).

These subdivisions differ anatomically, neurochemically, and behaviorally.


The ventromedial nucleus is most commonly associated with satiety.

The VMHdm has a role in the male vocalizations and scent marking behaviors.[1][2][3]

The VMHvl plays a role in sexual behaviors in both the males and the females (lordosis in the females and mounting in the males.[4][5][6][7]


  1. Yahr and Green, 1992
  2. Flanagan-Cato et al. 2001
  3. Harding and McGinnis, 2005
  4. Kow and Pfaff, 1998
  5. Christensen et al., 1977
  6. Pfaff and Sakuma, 1979
  7. Marsumoto and Ymanouchi, 2000
  • Dugger, et al. (2007). Androgen receptors are required for full masculinization of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) in rats.

External links