Head injury history and symptoms

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Head injury Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating a Head Injury from other Conditions

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

X Ray



Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Presentation varies according to the injury. Some patients with head trauma stabilize and other patients deteriorate. A patient may present with or without neurologic deficit.

Patients with a concussion may have a history of being unconscious for seconds to minutes followed by a normal return to consciousness. Disturbance of vision and equilibrium may also occur.

Common symptoms of head injury include those indicative of traumatic brain injury:

Symptoms of a skull fracture can include:

Because brain injuries can be life threatening, even people with apparently slight injuries, with no noticeable signs or complaints, require close observation. The caretakers of those patients with mild trauma, who are released from the hospital, are frequently advised to rouse the patient several times during the next 12 to 24 hours to assess for worsening symptoms.