Friedreich's ataxia differential diagnosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mohamadmostafa Jahansouz M.D.[[Mailto:mjahanso@bidmc.harvard.edu|[2]]]

Overview

As Friedreich’s ataxia manifests in a variety of clinical forms and different ages, differentiation must be established in accordance with the manifestations of the disease and onset of the symptoms. The main and most prominent symptom of the Friedreich’s ataxia is ataxia that worsens over time and it must be differentiated from other diseases that cause progressive ataxia such as: spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA), dentato-rubro-pallido-luysian atrophy, Episodic ataxia, Spastic ataxia, abetalipoproteinemia, Refsum disease, hypomyelinating leukoencephalopathy (Hypomyelination, basal ganglia atrophy, rigidity, dystonia, chorea), pure cerebellar ataxia, progressive cerebellar atrophy with epileptic encephalopathy: Infantile seizures, intellectual deficits, microcephaly, rapid-onset ataxia: Cerebellar atrophy and CAPOS mutation: (Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, Pes cavus, optic atrophy, sensorineural hearing loss, and alternating hemiplegia).

Differentiating Friedreich’s ataxia from other Diseases

As Friedreich’s ataxia manifests in a variety of clinical forms and different ages, differentiation must be established in accordance with the manifestations of the disease and onset of the symptoms.

The main and most prominent symptom of the Friedreich’s ataxia is ataxia that worsens over time and it must be differentiated from other diseases that cause progressive ataxia such as:[1][2][3][3][4][5]

References

  1. Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, Wallace SE, Bean L, Stephens K, Amemiya A, Bird TD. PMID 20301317. Vancouver style error: initials (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. Canivenc R (1967). "[Luteal function in the European badger, Meles meles L]". Arch Anat Microsc Morphol Exp (in French). 56 (3): 326–38. PMID 5615168.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ebel H, De Santo NG, Hierholzer K (1971). "Plasma cell membranes of the rat kidney. I. Purification and properties of cell membrane ATPase". Pflugers Arch. 324 (1): 1–25. PMID 4251489.
  4. Jayaram S, Soman A, Tarvade S, Londhe V (January 2005). "Cerebellar ataxia due to isolated vitamin E deficiency". Indian J Med Sci. 59 (1): 20–3. PMID 15681888.
  5. Koenig M (September 2003). "Rare forms of autosomal recessive neurodegenerative ataxia". Semin Pediatr Neurol. 10 (3): 183–92. PMID 14653406.

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