Transversus thoracis muscle
|Transversus thoracis muscle|
|Posterior surface of sternum and costal cartilages, showing Transversus thoracis.|
|Latin||musculus transversus thoracis|
|Gray's||subject #117 403|
|Origin||costal cartilages of last 3-4 ribs, body of sternum, xiphoid process|
|Insertion||ribs/costal cartilages 2-6|
The tranversus thoracis lies internal to the thoracic cage, anteriorly. It is a thin plane of muscular and tendinous fibers, situated upon the inner surface of the front wall of the chest. It is in the same layer as the subcostal muscles.
It arises on either side from the lower third of the posterior surface of the body of the sternum, from the posterior surface of the xiphoid process, and from the sternal ends of the costal cartilages of the lower three or four true ribs.
Its fibers diverge upward and lateralward, to be inserted by slips into the lower borders and inner surfaces of the costal cartilages of the second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth ribs.
The lowest fibers of this muscle are horizontal in their direction, and are continuous with those of the Transversus abdominis; the intermediate fibers are oblique, while the highest are almost vertical.
This muscle varies in its attachments, not only in different subjects, but on opposite sides of the same subject.
It is supplied by ventral rami of intercostal nerves.
It is almost completely without function, but it separates the thoracic cage from the parietal pleura.
Contraction of this muscle aids in exertional expiration by decreasing the transverse diameter of the thoracic cage.
- LUC tth
- Transversus+thoracis+muscle at eMedicine Dictionary
- SUNY Labs 18:05-0104 - "Thoracic Wall: Removal of Intercostal Muscles"
- Norman/Georgetown thoraxmuscles
List of muscles of torso
|BACK||splenius (capitis, cervicis) - erector spinae (iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis) - latissimus dorsi|
transversospinales: (semispinalis dorsi, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, multifidus, rotatores) - interspinales - intertransversarii
|SUBOCCIPITAL||rectus capitis posterior (major, minor) - obliquus capitis (inferior, superior)|
|CHEST||intercostales (external, internal, innermost) - subcostales - transversus thoracis - levatores costarum - serratus posterior (inferior, superior) - diaphragm|
|ABDOMEN||anterior/lateral wall: obliques (external, internal) - transversus abdominis - rectus abdominis - pyramidalis cremaster|
|PELVIS/FLOOR||levator ani (iliococcygeus, pubococcygeus, puborectalis) - coccygeus|
|PERINEUM||anal triangle: sphincter ani (externus, internus) deep perineal pouch (deep transverse perineal, sphincter urethrae membranaceae)|
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