Streptococcus salivarius

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Streptococcus salivarius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Lactobacillales
Family: Streptococcaceae
Genus: Streptococcus
Species: S. salivarius
Binomial name
Streptococcus salivarius
Andrewes & Horder 1906

Streptococcus salivarius is a species of spherical, Gram-positive bacteria which colonize the mouth and upper respiratory tract of humans a few hours after birth, making further exposure to the bacteria harmless. The bacteria is considered an opportunistic pathogen, rarely finding its way into the bloodstream, where it has been implicated in septicemia cases in people with neutropenia. [1]

Agglutination of Streptococcus salivarius is often used in the diagnosis of atypical pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae.

Streptococcus thermophilus, a member of the salivarius group, is a streptococcus bacteria used to produce yogurt and some cheeses. It works symbiotically with Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus.[2] Both are homofermentative, produce lactic acid quantitatively in addition to carbon dioxide and alcohol. The optimum temperature of growth for S. thermophilus is 42°C while it is 37°C for S. salivarius.

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  1. "Public Health Image Library (PHIL)".