|Bone: Radius (joint)|
|Radius is #1|
|Gray's||subject #52 219|
The radius is the bone of the forearm that extends from the outside of the limb to the phlangx (lateral) of the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist. The radius is situated on the lateral side of the ulna, which exceeds it in length and size. It is a long bone, prismatic in form and slightly curved longitudinally. The radius articulates with the capitulum of the humerus.
It has a body and two extremities:
The long narrow medullary cavity is enclosed in a strong wall of compact bone which is thickest along the interosseous border and thinnest at the extremities except over the cup-shaped articular surface (fovea) of the head where it is thickened.
The trabeculae of the spongy tissue are somewhat arched at the upper end and pass upward from the compact layer of the shaft to the fovea capituli; they are crossed by others parallel to the surface of the fovea.
The arrangement at the lower end is somewhat similar.
- Radius ant.jpg
Radius l. dx. - ant. view
- Radius post.jpg
Radius l. dx. - post. view
Right human radius and ulna - post. view
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.
Bones of upper limbs
|Pectoral girdle, clavicle||conoid tubercle - trapezoid line - costal tuberosity - subclavian groove|
|Scapula||fossae (subscapular, supraspinatous, infraspinatous) - suprascapular notch - glenoid cavity superior, lateral/axillary, medial/vertebral) - angles (superior, inferior, lateral)|
|Humerus||upper extremity: necks (anatomical, surgical) - tubercles (greater, lesser) - intertubercular sulcus lower extremity: capitulum - trochlea - epicondyles (lateral, medial) - supracondylar ridges (lateral, medial) - fossae (radial, coronoid, olecranon)|
|Forearm||radius: upper extremity (head, tuberosity) - body - lower extremity (ulnar notch, styloid process)|
ulna: upper extremity (tuberosity, olecranon, coronoid process, radial notch, trochlear notch) - body - lower extremity (head, styloid process)
|Hand||carpus: scaphoid - lunate - triquetral - pisiform - trapezium - trapezoid - capitate - hamate (hamulus) phalanges of the hand: proximal - intermediate - distal|
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