Interphalangeal articulations of hand
|Human hand bones|
|Metacarpophalangeal articulation and articulations of digit. Volar aspect.|
|Latin||articulationes interphalangeae manus, articulationes digitorum manus|
|Gray's||subject #91 333|
- "proximal interphalangeal joints" (PIP), those between the first (also called proximal) and second (intermediate) phalanges
- "distal interphalangeal joints" (DIP), those between the second and third (distal) phalanges
Each joint has a volar ligament and two collateral ligaments.
The arrangement of these ligaments is similar to those in the metacarpophalangeal joints (also known as MCP joints).
The extensor tendons supply the place of posterior ligaments.
- Flexion is more extensive, about 100°, in the PIP joints and slightly more restricted, about 80°, in the DIP joints.
- Extension is limited by the volar and collateral ligaments.
The muscles generating these movements are:
|fingers||the flexor digitorum profundus acting on the proximal and distal joints, and the flexor digitorum sublimis acting on the proximal joints||mainly by the lumbricales and interossei, the long extensors having little or no action upon these joints|
|thumb||the flexor pollicis longus||the extensor pollicis longus|
- Hand kinesiology at UK bone/phaljt.html
- proximal+interphalangeal+joints at eMedicine Dictionary
- distal+interphalangeal+joints at eMedicine Dictionary
- Diagram at depuy.com
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.