|IUPAC name||Praseodymium(III) chloride|
|Other names||Praseodymium chloride; praseodymium trichloride|
|Molar mass|| 247.24 g/mol (anhydrous)|
373.77 g/mol (heptahydrate)
|Appearance|| blue-green solid (anhydrous)|
light green solid (heptahydrate)
|Density|| 4.02 g/cm³, solid (anhydrous)|
2.250 g/cm³, solid (heptahydrate)
|Solubility in water||104.0 g/100 ml (13°C)|
|Crystal structure||Uranium(III) chloride|
|9-coordinate; trigonal prismatic|
|MSDS||Praseodymium(III) chloride MSDS|
|Other anions||praseodymium fluoride, praseodymium bromide, praseodymium iodide|
|Other cations||cerium(III) chloride, neodymium(III) chloride|
| Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Praseodymium(III) chloride (PrCl3), also known as praseodymium trichloride, is a compound of praseodymium and chlorine. It is a blue-green solid which rapidly absorbs water on exposure to moist air to form a light green heptahydrate.
Praseodymium(III) chloride is a moderately strong Lewis acid, which ranks as "hard" according to the HSAB concept. Rapid heating of the hydrate may cause small amounts of hydrolysis. PrCl3 forms a stable Lewis acid-base complex K2PrCl5 by reaction with potassium chloride; this compound shows interesting optical and magnetic properties.
Aqueous solutions of praseodymium(III) chloride can be used to prepare insoluble praseodymium(III) compounds, for example praseodymium(III) phosphate or praseodymium(III) fluoride:
Praseodymium(III) chloride can be prepared as a green aqueous solution by reaction of either praseodymium metal or praseodymium(III) carbonate and hydrochloric acid. The anhydrous halide may alternatively be prepared from praseodymium metal and hydrogen chloride.
Anhydrous PrCl3 can be made by dehydration of the hydrate either by slowly heating to 400 °C with 4-6 equivalents of ammonium chloride under high vacuum,, or by heating with an excess of thionyl chloride for four hours,. The anhydrous halide may alternatively be prepared from praseodymium metal and hydrogen chloride. It is usually purified by high temperature sublimation under high vacuum.
PrCl3 has been used to increase the activity of Template:Praseodymium6O11 catalysts, which can be used for the oxidation of methane to ethene. This process is becoming an important route to ethene for the manufacture of polyethylene (a common plastic). There are no major uses for praseodymium(III) chloride, though it can be used as a starting point for the preparation of other praseodymium salts.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 F. T. Edelmann, P. Poremba, in: Synthetic Methods of Organometallic and Inorganic Chemistry, (W. A. Herrmann, ed.), Vol. 6, Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 1997.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 J. Cybinska, J. Sokolnicki, J. Legendziewicz, G. Meyer Journal of Alloys and Compounds 341, 115-123 (2002).
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 L. F. Druding, J. D. Corbett, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 83, 2462 (1961); J. D. Corbett, Rev. Chim. Minerale 10, 239 (1973),
- ↑ M. D. Taylor, P. C. Carter, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 24, 387 (1962); J. Kutscher, A. Schneider, Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 7, 815 (1971).
- ↑ J. H. Freeman, M. L. Smith, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 7, 224 (1958).
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (58th edition), CRC Press, West Palm Beach, Florida, 1977.
- N. N. Greenwood, A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements, Pergamon Press, 1984.
- S. Sugiyama, T. Miyamoto, H. Hayashi, M. Tanaka, J. B. Moffat Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, 118, 129-136 (1997).
- Druding L. F., Corbett J. D., Ramsey B. N. (1963). "Rare Earth Metal-Metal Halide Systems. VI. Praseodymium Chloride". Inorganic Chemistry 2 (4): 869 - 871. doi:10.1021/ic50008a055.
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