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| Positron (antielectron)
<tr> <th>Composition:</th> <td>Elementary particle</td> </tr><tr> <th>Family:</th> <td>Fermion</td> </tr><tr> <th>Group:</th> <td>Lepton</td> </tr><tr> <th>Generation:</th> <td>First</td> </tr><tr> <th>Interaction:</th> <td>Gravity, Electromagnetic, Weak</td> </tr><tr> <th>Antiparticle:</th> <td>Electron</td> </tr><tr> <th>Theorized:</th> <td>Paul Dirac, 1928</td></tr><tr> <th>Discovered:</th> <td>Carl D. Anderson, 1932</td><tr> <th>Symbol:</th> <td>Template:SubatomicParticle, Template:SubatomicParticle</td> </tr><tr> <th>Mass:</th> <td>Template:Val/delimitnum(16)×10Template:Su Template:Val/units
The positron or antielectron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron. The positron has an electric charge of +1, a spin of 1/2, and the same mass as an electron. When a low-energy positron collides with a low-energy electron, annihilation occurs, resulting in the production of two gamma ray photons (see electron-positron annihilation). The first scientist deemed to have captured positrons through electron-positron annihilation was Chung-Yao Chao, a graduate student at Caltech in 1930, though he did not realize what they were at that time.
The existence of positrons was first postulated in 1928 by Paul Dirac as a consequence of the Dirac equation. In 1932, positrons were discovered by Carl D. Anderson, who gave the positron its name. The positron was the first evidence of antimatter and was discovered by passing cosmic rays through a cloud chamber and a lead plate surrounded by a magnet to distinguish the particles by bending differently charged particles in different directions.
Today, positrons are routinely produced in positron emission tomography (PET) scanners used in hospitals and in accelerator physics laboratories used in electron-positron collider experiments. In the case of PET scanners, positrons provide a mechanism to show areas of activity within the human brain.
- Beta particle
- Radioactive decay
- List of particles
- Positron emission tomography
- Positrons in popular culture
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9061025/positron
- ↑ http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/ElectronMass.html
- ↑ Anderson, Carl D. (1933). "The Positive Electron". Physical Review 43 (6): 491-494. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.43.491.
- What is a Positron? (from the Frequently Asked Questions :: Center for Antimatter-Matter Studies)
- Positron information search at SLAC
- Positron Annihilation as a method of experimental physics used in materials research.
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