In the field of artificial intelligence, neuro-fuzzy refers to hybrids of artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic. Neuro-fuzzy hybridization results in a hybrid intelligent system that synergizes these two techniques by combining the human-like reasoning style of fuzzy systems with the learning and connectionist structure of neural networks. Neuro-fuzzy hybridization is widely termed as Fuzzy Neural Network (FNN) or Neuro-Fuzzy System (NFS) in the literature. Neuro-fuzzy system (the more popular term is used henceforth) incorporates the human-like reasoning style of fuzzy systems through the use of fuzzy sets and a linguistic model consisting of a set of IF-THEN fuzzy rules. The main strength of neuro-fuzzy systems is that they are universal approximators with the ability to solicit interpretable IF-THEN rules.
The strength of neuro-fuzzy systems involves two contradictory requirements in fuzzy modeling: interpretability verses accuracy. In practice, one of the two properties prevails. The neuro-fuzzy in fuzzy modeling research field is divided into two areas: linguistic fuzzy modeling that is focused on interpretability, mainly the Mamdani model; and precise fuzzy modeling that is focused on accuracy, mainly the Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) model.
- fuzzy logic based tuning of neural network training parameters
- fuzzy logic criteria for increasing a network size
- representing fuzzification, fuzzy inference and defuzzification through multi-layers feed-forward connectionist networks
- realising fuzzy membership through clustering algorithms in unsupervised learning in SOMs and neural networks
- deriving fuzzy rules from trained RBF networks
It must be pointed out that interpretability of the Mamdani-type neuro-fuzzy systems can be lost. To improve the interpretability of neuro-fuzzy systems, certain measures must be taken, see for example in Jin (2000), wherein important aspects of interpretability of neuro-fuzzy systems are also discussed.
Pseudo Outer-Product based Fuzzy Neural Networks
Pseudo Outer-Product based Fuzzy Neural Networks ("POPFNN"), are a family of neuro-fuzzy systems, that are based on the linguistic fuzzy model.
Three members of POPFNN exist in the literature, namely: POPFNN-CRI(S) which is based on commonly accepted fuzzy Compositional Rule of Inference, POPFNN-TVR which is based on Truth Value Restriction, and POPFNN-AARS(S) which is based on the Approximate Analogical Reasoning Scheme.
The "POPFNN" architecture is a five-layer neural network where the layers from 1 to 5 are called: input linguistic layer, condition layer, rule layer, consequent layer, output linguistic layer. The fuzzification of the inputs and the defuzzification of the outputs are respectively performed by the input linguistic and output linguistic layers respectively while the fuzzy inference is collectively performed by the rule, condition and consequence layers.
The learning process of POPFNN consists of three phases; namely: fuzzy membership generation, fuzzy rule identification and supervised fine-tuning. Various fuzzy membership generation algorithms can be used: Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ), Fuzzy Kohonen Partitioning (FKP) or Discrete Incremental Clustering (DIC). Generally, the POP algorithm and its variant LazyPOP are used to identify the fuzzy rules.
- Ang, K. K., & Quek, C. (2005). RSPOP: Rough Set-Based Pseudo Outer-Product Fuzzy Rule Identification Algorithm. Neural Computation, 17(1), 205-243.
- Abraham A., Adaptation of Fuzzy Inference System Using Neural Learning, Fuzzy System Engineering: Theory and Practice, Nadia Nedjah et al. (Eds.), Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, Springer Verlag Germany, ISBN 3-540-25322-X, Chapter 3, pp. 53-83, 2005. [information on publisher's site]
- Y. Jin (2000). Fuzzy modeling of high-dimensional systems: Complexity reduction and interpretability improvement. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 8(2), 212-221, 2000
- Lin, C.-T., & Lee, C. S. G. (1996). Neural Fuzzy Systems: A Neuro-Fuzzy Synergism to Intelligent Systems. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Kosko, Bart (1992). Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems: A Dynamical Systems Approach to Machine Intelligence. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-611435-0.
- Ang, K. K., Quek, C., & Pasquier, M. (2003). "POPFNN-CRI(S): pseudo outer product based fuzzy neural network using the compositional rule of inference and singleton fuzzifier." IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part B, 33(6), 838-849.
- Quek, C., & Zhou, R. W. (1999). "POPFNN-AAR(S): a pseudo outer-product based fuzzy neural network." IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part B, 29(6), 859-870.
- Quek, C., & Zhou, R. W. (2001). "The POP learning algorithms: reducing work in identifying fuzzy rules." Neural Networks, 14(10), 1431-1445.
- Zhou, R. W., & Quek, C. (1996). "POPFNN: A Pseudo Outer-product Based Fuzzy Neural Network". Neural Networks, 9(9), 1569-1581.
There is no pharmaceutical or device industry support for this site and we need your viewer supported Donations | Editorial Board | Governance | Licensing | Disclaimers | Avoid Plagiarism | Policies