Massachusetts General Hospital
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
| Main entrance of Massachusetts General Hospital
|Place||55 Fruit Street, Boston Massachusetts, (US)|
|Care System||Medicare (US)|
|Affiliated University||Harvard Medical School|
|Emergency Dept.||Level I trauma center|
|See also||Hospitals in Massachusetts|
It is owned and operated by Partners HealthCare (which also owns Brigham and Women's Hospital and North Shore Medical Center). MGH is part of the consortium of hospitals which operates Boston MedFlight and a is member of the Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center.
Founded in 1811, the original hospital was designed by the famous American architect Charles Bulfinch. It is the third oldest general hospital in the United States, and the oldest and largest in New England. John Warren, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at Harvard Medical School, which was located in Cambridge then, spearheaded the move of the medical school to Boston. Warren's son, John Collins Warren, along with James Jackson, led the efforts to start the Massachusetts General Hospital. Since all those who had sufficient money were cared for at home, Massachusetts General Hospital, like most hospitals that were founded in the 19th century, was intended to care for the poor.  During mid- to late-1800s, Harvard Medical School was located adjacent to Massachusetts General Hospital.
The hospital's work with developing specialized computer software systems for medical use in the 1960s lead to the development of the MUMPS programming language, which stands for "Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System", an important programming language and data-base system heavily used in medical applications such as patient records and billing. A major patient database system called File Manager, which was developed by the Veterans Administration (now the Department of Veterans' Affairs), was created using this language.
Early use of anesthesia
It was in the Ether Dome of MGH on October 16, 1846 that one of the first demonstrations of ether was presented to the medical profession to produce insensibility to pain by William Thomas Green Morton, a Boston dentist. An operation was performed on that date to remove a blood vessel tumor from the neck of a Cambridge, Massachusetts printer, William Abbott. The MGH Chief of Surgery, John Collins Warren performed the surgery and remarked "Gentlemen this is no humbug." News of the remarkable "new" invention rapidly traveled around the world. The actual first documented use of ether to render a patient unconscious prior to surgery was performed on March 30, 1842, by Dr. Crawford Long of Danielsville, Georgia. The term anesthesia was suggested for the insensible state by Oliver Wendell Holmes, then a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. A modern anesthesia department was established at the hospital in 1936 under the leadership of Henry Knowles Beecher. The Ether Dome still exists and is open to the public. It is one of the oldest operating theaters in existence. It contains a remarkable painting of the event by Warren and Lucia Prosperi.
The hospital has 898 beds and admits over 45,000 patients each year. The surgical staff performs over 34,000 operations yearly. The obstetrics service handles over 3,500 births each year. The hospital handles over 1 million outpatients each year at its main campus, as well as its five satellite facilities in Boston at Back Bay, Charlestown, Chelsea, Everett, and Revere. Architect Hisham N. Ashkouri, working in conjunction with Hoskins Scott Taylor and Partners, provided the space designs and schematics for the pediatrics, neonatal intensive care, and in-patient related floors, as well as the third floor surgical suites and support facilities.
In 2003, MGH was named the state's first Magnet hospital by the American Nurses Credentialing Center, a subsidiary of the American Nurses Association. Magnet recognition represents the highest honor awarded for nursing excellence.
In the fall of 2004, the Yawkey Center for Outpatient Care opened. This 440,000 square feet, ten floor facility is the largest and most comprehensive outpatient building in New England.
With more than 10,000 employees, the hospital is the largest non-governmental employer in Boston. It is sometimes jokingly described as "The Medical-Industrial Complex."
Massachusetts General Hospital is affiliated with Harvard Medical School and is its original teaching hospital. MGH conducts the largest hospital-based research program in the United States, with an annual research budget of more than $400 million.
It consistently ranks as one of the country's top hospitals in U.S. News and World Report. In 2007, Massachusetts General Hospital ranked 5th overall from among 5,462 medical centers with a #1 ranking in psychiatry as well as high rankings in endocrinology, orthopedics, respiratory disorders, geriatrics, digestive disorders, neurology and neurosurgery, kidney disease, heart, rheumatology, cancer, urology, gynecology, and ear, nose, and throat. Since 1994, MGH has been awarded the most research funding for an independent hospital by the National Institutes of Health , receiving over $285 million dollars alone in 2004 . MGH is also home to the world-renowned Mallinckrodt General Clinical Research Center.
MGH is located at 55 Fruit Street in Boston, Massachusetts. The campus is in an area formerly known as the West End, adjacent to the Charles River and Beacon Hill. The closest MBTA stop is Charles/MGH on the Red Line. On 27 March 2007, the new Charles/MGH station was opened with new renovations, including handicap accessible elevators .
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- MGH nurses were featured in a four-part, front-page series in The Boston Globe entitled "Critical care: The making of an ICU nurse", which is being used in nursing schools throughout the country.
- MGH distributes Shasta soda beverages to its patients. All vending facilities vend Coca-Cola products. There are five main food service areas for the general public. They include the Eat Street Cafe in the lower level of the Ellison Building, the Blossom Street Cafe in the Cox lobby, Coffee Central in the White lobby, Tea Leaves and Coffee Beans in the Wang Ambulatory Care Center, and Coffee South in the Yawkey outpatient center.
- MGH is referred to as "MBH" or "Man's Best Hospital" in Samuel Shem's satirical novel, The House of God; also as "Man's Greatest Hospital".
- There have been several mentions of Massachusetts General Hospital in fictional television series and movies:
- In the long-running series M*A*S*H, the character Major Charles Emerson Winchester III was said to have previously worked at the hospital as a thoracic surgeon. Incorrect entry. Major Winchester worked at Boston General Hospital. Some have assumed the name gave props to Massachusetts General and Boston City.
- In the series "St. Elsewhere", the doctors of St. Elsewhere often make references to Boston General Hospital, which could be interpreted as a reference to MGH.
- In the series Arrested Development, Tobias Fünke worked at the hospital as chief resident during his psychiatry training.
- In the series Alias, Arvin Sloane mentions that Sydney's psychiatrist trained at the hospital.
- In the movie Sleeping with the Enemy, an MGH neurologist gives the characters of Julia Roberts and Patrick Bergen a ride on his sailboat off the coast of Cape Cod.
- In the movie Malice, the lead character played by Alec Baldwin is an MGH-trained surgeon with a "God complex".
- In an episode of House, Dr. Gregory House fakes brain cancer in order to participate in a clinical trial at the MGH. The experimental anti-depressant would have given Dr. House, addicted to painkillers, a powerful high.
- In an episode of Grey's Anatomy, Lexie Grey explains that she was supposed to have an internship at "Mass Gen" (referring to the hospital by a moniker that is almost never applied to the hospital in real life) but that she remained in Seattle as a result of the untimely death of her mother.
- Residents, students, and area paramedics have fondly referred to the hospital as "Massive Genital Hospital."
- In Jan Karon's novel series, the Mitford Years, the local doctor, Walter "Hoppy" Harper, was an intern at MGH, having graduated from Harvard School of Medicine.
- ↑ 
- ↑ America's Best Hospitals 2007. U.S.News & World Report (2007-07-15). Retrieved on 2007-07-15.
- ↑ "America's Best Hospitals 2007: Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston", U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on 2007-10-15.
- ↑ 
- ↑ NIH Awards to Independent Domestic Hospitals - Fiscal Year 2004
- ↑ New Charles/MGH Station Opens
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