Lemon verbena

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Lemon Verbena
File:Aloysia triphylla1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Aloysia
Species: A. citrodora
Binomial name
Aloysia citrodora
Paláu

Lemon verbena or Lemon beebrush (syn. Aloysia triphylla[1]) is a deciduous perennial shrub native to Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, Chile, and Peru. This plant was brought to Europe by the Spanish in the 17th century. It grows to a height of 1 to 3 metres and exudes a powerful lemony scent. It prefers full sun, a lot of water, and a light loam soil, and is sensitive to cold. The light green leaves are lancet-shaped, and its tiny flowers bloom lavender or white in August or September.

Lemon verbena leaves are used to add a lemony flavour to fish and poultry dishes, vegetable marinades, salad dressings, jams, puddings, and beverages. It also is used to make herbal teas and can make a refreshing sorbet. In addition, it has anti-Candida albicans activity.[2]

The major isolates in lemon verbena oil are citral (30-35%), nerol and geraniol. [3]

Lemon verbena is also classified as Verbena triphylla L'Hér., Verbena citriodora Cav., Lippia triphylla, Lippia citriodora, and Aloysia citriodora (Cav.) Ort.

References

  1. Armada, J. & A. Barra. 1992. On Aloysia Palau (Verbenaceae). Taxon 41:88–90.
  2. "Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants" (abstract), TEIXEIRA DUARTE Marta Cristina et al, Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2005, vol. 97, no2, pp. 305-311
  3. Lawless, J., The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils, ISBN 1-85230-661-0

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