|Brain: Interventricular foramina|
|Mesal aspect of a brain sectioned in the median sagittal plane. ("Foramen of Monro" label at top.)|
|Coronal section of lateral and third ventricles. (Foramen not displayed, but relationship between ventricles can be observed.)|
|Gray's||subject #189 840|
|Part of||Ventricular system|
In the brain, the interventricular foramina (or foramina of Monro) are channels that connect the paired lateral ventricles with the third ventricle at the midline of the brain. As channels, they allow cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) produced in the lateral ventricles to reach the third ventricle and then the rest of the brain's ventricular system. They also contain choroid plexus, a specialized CSF-producing structure, that is continuous with that of the lateral and third ventricles.
The crescent-shaped interventricular foramina are located on the medial and inferior aspect of the lateral ventricles. Each foramen is bounded by the fornix and thalamus. The lumens of the foramina have a diameter of several millimeters.
The foramina were named after the Scottish physician Alexander Monro, who first described the structures in his 1783 publication, Observations on the Structure and Functions of the Nervous System. They had previously been identified by the 17th century anatomist Raymond Vieussens.
- Kiernan, John A. (2005). Barr's The Human Nervous System: An Anatomical Viewpoint. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 220. ISBN 0-7817-5154-3.
- History of Neuroscience, from the University of Washington
|Epithalamus||Pineal body • Habenula (Habenular nuclei) • Stria medullaris • Habenular trigone|
|Thalamus/nuclei||paired: AN • Ventral (VA/VL, VP/VPM/VPL) • Lateral (Pulvinar) • Metathalamus (MG, LG)
surface: reticulartracts to thalamus: Mammillothalamic tract • Thalamic fasciculus • Lenticular fasciculus • Ansa lenticularis • Medial lemniscus • Trigeminal lemniscus • Spinothalamic tract • Lateral lemniscus
|Hypothalamus||autonomic zones: Anterior (parasympathetic/heat loss) • Posterior (sympathetic/heat conservation)
tracts: Medial forebrain bundlePituitary: (Posterior is diencephalon, but anterior is glandular)
|Subthalamus||Subthalamic nucleus • Zona incerta|
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