Hemorrhoids medical therapy

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ahmed Younes M.B.B.CH [2]

Overview

There is no medical treatment for hemorrhoids. The mainstay of therapy is local treatments such as warm sitz baths, using a bidet, using an extendable showerhead, cold compress, or topical analgesic (such as nupercainal), which can provide temporary relief.

Medical Therapy

High-fiber diet

  • Eating a high-fiber diet can make stools softer and easier to pass, reducing the pressure on hemorrhoids caused by straining.
  • Fiber is not digested in the GIT, but it helps in improving digestion and preventing constipation.[1]
  • Good sources of dietary fiber are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • On average, Americans eat about 15 grams of fiber each day while the American Dietetic Association recommends 25 grams of fiber per day for women and 38 grams of fiber per day for men.
  • Bulk stool softener or a fiber supplement such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel) may be useful in the management of hemorrhoids.[2]

Topical analgesics

Topical anti-inflammatory

  • Topical anti-inflammatory agents mixed with cortisone may be used to relieve inflammation and shrink the size of the hemorrhoids.[1]
  • Cortisone-containing agents should not be used more than one month as prolonged use may be associated with depressed local immunity and the development of skin tags.

Sitz baths

  • Sitz baths can be helpful in alleviating pruritus.

Hydroxyethylrutoside

Antispasmodics

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Guttenplan M (2017). "The Evaluation and Office Management of Hemorrhoids for the Gastroenterologist". Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 19 (7): 30. PMID 28567655. doi:10.1007/s11894-017-0574-9. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Cocorullo G, Tutino R, Falco N, Licari L, Orlando G, Fontana T, Raspanti C, Salamone G, Scerrino G, Gallo G, Trompetto M, Gulotta G (2017). "The non-surgical management for hemorrhoidal disease. A systematic review". G Chir. 38 (1): 5–14. PMID 28460197. 
  3. Perera N, Liolitsa D, Iype S, Croxford A, Yassin M, Lang P, Ukaegbu O, van Issum C (2012). "Phlebotonics for haemorrhoids". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (8): CD004322. PMID 22895941. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004322.pub3. 

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