Deep vein thrombosis epidemiology and demographics
Editor(s)-In-Chief: The APEX Trial Investigators, C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D.  Kashish Goel, M.D.; Assistant Editor(s)-In-Chief: Justine Cadet
Deep vein thrombosis Microchapters
Epidemiology and Demographics
Deep vein thrombosis epidemiology and demographics On the Web
In the United States, approximately 350,000 to 600,000 new cases of venous thromboembolism are diagnosed each year. The incidence of deep vein thrombosis is estimated to be 100 cases per 100,000 persons per year. Deep vein thrombosis accounts for two-thirds of all venous thromboembolism cases. Mortality and complications from deep vein thrombosis are high: one-third of the patients develop post-thrombotic syndrome and another 30% have recurrent DVT within 10 years. In the United States, deep vein thrombosis accounts for approximately 100,000 deaths each year. Venous thromboembolism is the fourth leading cause of death.
Epidemiology and Demographics
The incidence and prevalence of DVT increases with age, ranging from 1 case per 100,000 people in childhood to 500 cases per 100,000 people in the elderly. Being older than 45 has a significant association with an increased incidence of DVT. The reasons for low prevalence in children are:
- A higher heart rate.
- Relatively active lifestyle when compared with adults
- Fewer comorbidities (e.g. malignancy).
Overall, there is minimal difference in the incidence of DVT among males and females. Research has observed varying trends of incidence.
- One epidemiological study observed a higher incidence of DVT among young females.
- A second epidemiological study observed a higher incidence of DVT among older females.
- Other research suggests that DVT may have a higher incidence in men.
- The risk for DVT consistently increases with age across both genders.
- The risk for venous thromboembolism(PE,DVT) is slightly higher in elderly males. 
- There is a significant difference in the incidence of DVT as it relates to race.
- African Americans characteristically have the highest incidence of DVT.
- Caucasians rank as the second highest incidence of DVT.
- When compared to African Americans and Caucasians, the incidence of DVT is noted to be two to four times lower in Hispanics and Asian-Pacific Islanders.
- Lower thrombosis incidences in non-Caucasians may be related to a lower prevalence of disorders like Factor V Leiden or Prothrombin 20210A mutation.
- More than 25,000 people die in England from venous thromboembolism developed in hospital. This is more than the total number of deaths attributable to Breast cancer, AIDS, and road traffic accidents, when combined together.
- The risk of recurrence in patients diagnosed with first-time DVT is estimated to be around 7-10 percent in the first year..
- The risk for recurrence in the same first-time patients may increase up to 30 percent after 10 years.
- In recent years, the increase in thrombosis incidence may be related to improved diagnostic modalities and increased awareness by clinicians.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 White RH (June 2003). "The epidemiology of venous thromboembolism". Circulation 107 (23 Suppl 1): I4–8. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000078468.11849.66. PMID 12814979.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Cushman M, Tsai AW, White RH, Heckbert SR, Rosamond WD, Enright P et al. (2004). "Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in two cohorts: the longitudinal investigation of thromboembolism etiology.". Am J Med 117 (1): 19-25. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.01.018. PMID 15210384.
- ↑ Silverstein MD, Heit JA, Mohr DN, Petterson TM, O'Fallon WM, Melton LJ (March 1998). "Trends in the incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a 25-year population-based study". Arch. Intern. Med. 158 (6): 585–93. PMID 9521222.
- ↑ Kniffin WD, Baron JA, Barrett J, Birkmeyer JD, Anderson FA (April 1994). "The epidemiology of diagnosed pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis in the elderly". Arch. Intern. Med. 154 (8): 861–6. PMID 8154949.
- ↑ Venous Thromboembolism in Adult Hospitalizations — United States, 2007–2009. Retrieved on 2012-10-06.
- ↑ Ridker PM, Miletich JP, Hennekens CH, Buring JE (1997). "Ethnic distribution of factor V Leiden in 4047 men and women. Implications for venous thromboembolism screening.". JAMA 277 (16): 1305-7. PMID 9109469.
- ↑ Gregg JP, Yamane AJ, Grody WW (1997). "Prevalence of the factor V-Leiden mutation in four distinct American ethnic populations.". Am J Med Genet 73 (3): 334-6. PMID 9415695.
- ↑ Heit JA, Mohr DN, Silverstein MD, Petterson TM, O'Fallon WM, Melton LJ (March 2000). "Predictors of recurrence after deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a population-based cohort study". Arch. Intern. Med. 160 (6): 761–8. PMID 10737275.
There is no pharmaceutical or device industry support for this site and we need your viewer supported Donations | Editorial Board | Governance | Licensing | Disclaimers | Avoid Plagiarism | Policies