Curry Tree

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For the "Curry Plant", see Helichrysum italicum. For the dish or sauce, see Curry.
Curry Tree
File:Curry Trees.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Murraya
Species: M. koenigii
Binomial name
Murraya koenigii
(L.) Sprengel[1]
File:Curry Tree flower.JPG
The small flowers are white and fragrant.

The Curry Tree or Curry-leaf Tree (Murraya koenigii; syn. Bergera koenigii, Chalcas koenigii) is a tropical to sub-tropical tree in the family Rutaceae, which is native to India.

Description

It is a small tree, growing 4-6 m tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, each leaflet 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm broad. The flowers are small white, and fragrant. The small black, shiny berries are edible, but their seeds are poisonous.

The species name commemorates the botanist Johann Gerhard Koenig.

Uses

Its leaves are highly aromatic and are used as a herb. Their form is small and narrow and they somewhat resemble the leaves of the Neem tree; therefore they are also referred to as Kari Baavu (translated to Black Neem) in the Kannada language and Karivepaku in Telugu, again translating to the same meaning. In Tamil and Malayalam it is known as Karuveppilai, ilai meaning leaves and veppilai meaning Neem leaf. Other names include Kari Patta (Hindi), Bhursunga Patra (Oriya), Kadhi Limb (Marathi), Limda(Gujarati) and Karapincha (Sinhalese).

They are commonly used as seasoning in Indian and Sri Lankan cooking, much like bay leaves and especially in curries with fish or coconut milk. In their fresh form, they have a short shelf life though they may be stored in a freezer for quite some time. They are also available dried, though the aroma is inferior.

Various biological activities of Murraya koenigii include antidiabetic [2], antioxidant [3], antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-hypercholesterolemic etc.,

References

  1. "Murraya koenigii information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  2. P.Arulselvan and S.Subramanian "antidiabetic", page 874, Volume 61, Pharmazie, 2006
  3. P.Arulselvan and S.Subramanian "antioxidant" page 155, Volume 165, Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2007

Gallery

External links

Antidiabetic

Antioxidant

de:Curryblätter dv:ހިކަނދިފަތް ml:കറിവേപ്പ് fi:Murraya koenigii ta:கறிவேப்பிலை te:కరివేపాకు


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