Crystal Meth Anonymous
Crystal Meth Anonymous (CMA) is an twelve-step program of recovered and recovering methamphetamine addicts. Participants meet in local groups of varying sizes in order to stay clean and help others recover from methamphetamine addiction. CMA encourages complete abstinence from methamphetamine, alcohol, inhalants, and all other drugs not taken as prescribed. Founded in West Hollywood, California, CMA now has a presence in over 100 metropolitan areas of the United States, as well as parts of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
In large metropolitan areas, such as Los Angeles, New York City, Chicago, and Washington, DC, CMA is largely composed of gay men, reflecting the use of crystal meth in urban gay communities, although they do not exclude others from participating. It has become a drug of choice in gay clubs and circuit parties. In 2005, a Los Angles clinic estimated that one out of three gay or bisexual HIV-positive men admitted to using crystal. As many report that crystal lowers inhibitions, some believe it increases the chances of engaging in unprotected sex and sharing needles.
A study of CMA participants in Chicago found that after three months of recovery their reported number of sexual partners had dropped from seven to less than one. Similarly, self-reports of unprotected anal intercourse when using crystal dropped by two-thirds. In a six month follow up, 64% had remained abstinent from methamphetamines while an additional 20% had used only once.
In 2002, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released a report estimating 12 million people, age 12 and over, had used methamphetamine — 600,000 of which claimed to be current users. They further estimated a growth rate of approximately 300,000 new users per year.
- ↑ Show All CMA Meeting Areas. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
- ↑ Worth, Heather; Rawstorne, Patrick (October 2005). "Crystallizing the HIV epidemic: methamphetamine, unsafe sex, and gay diseases of the will.". Archives of sexual behavior 34 (5): 483-486. doi:10.1007/s10508-005-6274-9. ISSN 1573-2800.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Lee, Steven (Spring 2006). "Crystal Methamphetamine: Current Issues in Addiction and Treatment" (PDF). Paradigm. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
- ↑ Sanello, Frank (2005). Tweakers: How Crystal Meth Is Ravaging Gay America. Los Angeles, California: Alyson Publishing. ISBN 1555838847. OCLC 56608054.
- ↑ Lyons, Thomas M.; Chandra, Gopika; Goldstein, Jerome (2006-10-08). "APHA 134th Annual Meeting and Exposition" in Public Health and Human Rights. Conference Proceedings: APHA 134 Annual Meeting and Exposition. 141356. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
- ↑ Lyons, Thomas; Chandra, Gopika; Goldstein, Jerome (October 2006). "Stimulant use and HIV Risk Behavior: The Influence of Peer Support Group Participation". AIDS Education and Prevention 18 (5): 461-473. doi:10.1521/aeap.2006.18.5.461. ISSN 0899-9546.
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