|Chemical name|| (R)-3,5,5-Trimethyl-4-[3,7,12,16-|
|Other names|| (3R)-β,β-Caroten-3-ol|
|Molecular mass||552.85 g/mol|
|Melting point||169 °C|
|Disclaimer and references|
Cryptoxanthin is a natural carotenoid pigment. It has been isolated from a variety of sources including the petals and flowers of plants in the genus Physalis, orange rind, papaya, egg yolk, butter, and bovine blood serum.
Biology and medicine
In the human body, cryptoxanthin is converted to vitamin A (retinol) and is therefore considered a provitamin A. As with other carotenoids, cryptoxanthin is an antioxidant and may help prevent free radical damage to cells and DNA.
Recent findings of an inverse association between β-cryptoxanthin and lung cancer risk in several observational epidemiological studies suggest that β-cryptoxanthin could potentially act as a chemopreventive agent against lung cancer.
- Merck Index, 11th Edition, 2612.
- β-Cryptoxanthin suppresses the growth of immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells and non-small-cell lung cancer cells and up-regulates retinoic acid receptor b expression. Lian, Fuzhi; Hu, Kang-Quan; Russell, Robert M.; Wang, Xiang-Dong. International Journal of Cancer (2006), 119(9), 2084-2089.