Clemens von Pirquet
| [[Image:Clemens von Pirquet (1906)|300px| ]]|
Clemens von Pirquet (1906)
|Data 2:|| May 12 1874|
|Data 3 (data hidden if data3 empty or not defined):|| February 28 1929 (aged 54)|
Born in Vienna, he studied theology at the University of Innsbruck and philosophy at the University of Leuven before he enrolled at the University of Graz where he became a doctor of medicine in 1900. He started practicing at the Children's Clinic in Vienna.
In 1906 he noticed that patients who had previously received injections of horse serum or smallpox vaccine had quicker, more severe reactions to a second injection. He, along with Bela Schick, coined the word allergy (from the Greek allos meaning "other" and ergon meaning "reaction") to describe this hypersensitivity reaction.
Soon after, the observation with smallpox led Pirquet to realize that tuberculin, which Robert Koch isolated from the bacteria that cause tuberculosis in 1890, might lead to a similar type of reaction. Charles Mantoux expanded upon Pirquet's ideas and the Mantoux test, in which tuberculin is injected under the skin, became a diagnostic test for tuberculosis in 1907.
In 1909 he declined proposal to take position at the Pasteur Institute in Paris to become a professor at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. In 1910 he returned to Europe taking positions in Breslau (now Wrocław) and then Vienna.
- Who Named It - Pirquet
- U.S. National Library of Medicine – History of medicine
- Arthur M. Silverstein, Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet: Explaining immune complex disease in 1906 (Nature – Immunology 1, p.453–455, 2000)
- EAACI – Clemens von Pirquet FOUNDATION
- YouTube: Professor Pirquet at Children's Clinic from Vienna, a film from 1928Template:Austria-bio-stub
There is no pharmaceutical or device industry support for this site and we need your viewer supported Donations | Editorial Board | Governance | Licensing | Disclaimers | Avoid Plagiarism | Policies