Causes of pelvic pain

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hilda Mahmoudi M.D., M.P.H.[2]

Overview

Pelvic pain that persists for more than 6 months is considered chronic whereas pelvic pain that persists for less than this duration is considered acute. Differentiating between acute and chronic pelvic pain is important in understanding chronic pelvic pain syndromes. Common causes of pelvic pain are either gynecological such as midcycle ovulation and dysmenorrhea, gastrointestinal as seen in IBS or genitourinary such as UTI. The pain may indicate the presence of poorly understood conditions that likely represent abnormal psychoneuromuscular function.

Causes

Life Threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.

Causes of pelvic pain developed by WikiDoc.org

Common Causes

Causes of pelvic pain developed by WikiDoc.org

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Chemical/Poisoning No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Bicalutamide, Levonorgestrel, Meropenem, nitazoxanide, Pergolide, Tiagabine
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Appendicitis, Crohn's disease, diverticulitis, diverticulosis, hernia, IBD, intussusception, irritable bowel syndrome, large bowel obstruction, mesenteric ischemia, small bowel obstruction, volvulus
Genetic No underlying causes
Hematologic No underlying causes
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease Abdominal abscess
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional/Metabolic No underlying causes
Obstetric/Gynecologic Abruptio placentae, adenomyosis, cervicitis, chronic pelvic pain syndromes, dysmenorrhea, ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, endometritis, incomplete abortion, intra-uterine device, labor, leiomyoma, midcycle ovulation, ovarian cyst, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, ovarian torsion, ovarian vein thrombosis, pelvic floor prolapse, pelvic inflammatory disease, pelvic masses, primary dysmenorrhea, ruptured ovarian cyst, septic abortion, tubo-ovarian abscess, uterine fibroids, uterine rupture, vaginitis
Oncologic Lymphoma
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric Depression
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal/Electrolyte Nephrolithiasis
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy No underlying causes
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Abdominal trauma
Urologic Chronic prostatitis, cystitis, interstitial cystitis, urinary tract infection
Miscellaneous Adhesion, sexual abuse

Causes of pelvic pain developed by WikiDoc.org

Causes in Alphabetical Order

Causes of pelvic pain developed by WikiDoc.org

References



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