|Artery: Axillary artery|
|Axillary artery and its branches - anterior view of right upper limb and thorax. (The widest artery running diagonally is labeled the axillary artery at the upper right, and the brachial artery at the lower left.)|
|The pectoralis minor is used as a landmark for dividing the axillary artery into three parts.|
|Gray's||subject #149 586|
|Branches|| Superior thoracic|
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral
In human anatomy, the axillary artery is a large blood vessel that conveys oxygenated blood to the lateral aspect of the thorax, the axilla (armpit) and the upper limb. Its origin is at the lateral margin of the first rib, before which it is called the subclavian artery.
Relation to pectoralis minor: division into three parts
The axillary artery is often referred to as having three parts, with these divisions based on its location relative to the pectoralis minor muscle, which is in front of the artery.
- First part - the part of the artery medial to pectoralis minor
- Second part - the part of the artery that lies behind pectoralis minor
- Third part - the part of the artery lateral to pectoralis minor
Relation to nerves and vein
The axillary artery is accompanied by the axillary vein along its length.
In the axilla, it is surrounded by the brachial plexus. The second part of the axillary artery is the reference for the locational descriptions of the cords in the brachial plexus. For example, the posterior cord of the brachial plexus is so named because it lies posterior to the second part of the artery.
The axillary artery has several smaller branches. The branches can be remembered, in order, when traveling from the heart, with the mnemonic "Screw The Lawyers Save A Patient" or "She Tastes Like Sweet Apple Pie." It should be noted that the origin of these branches is highly variable (e.g. the posterior and anterior circumflex arteries often have a common trunk). An arterial branch is named for its course, not its origin.
- First part (1 branch)
- Second part (2 branches)
- Third part (3 branches)
The axillary artery may be safely clamped without endangering the arm, but only in a location proximal to the origin of the subscapular artery. The anastomotic network surrounding the scapula provides an alternate path for collateral circulation to the arm from arteries including the dorsal scapular artery and suprascapular artery.
- Norman/Georgetown lesson3axillaryart&vein
- Duke Orthopedics axillary_artery
- SUNY Labs 05:06-0101 - "Axillary Region: Parts of the Axillary Artery"
- SUNY Figs 05:04-01 - "The axillary artery and its major branches shown in relation to major landmarks."
List of arteries of upper limbs
|Axillary||scapular anastomosis - 1st part superior thoracic - 2nd part thoracoacromial (deltoid branch) - lateral thoracic - 3rd part subscapular (circumflex scapular, thoracodorsal) - anterior humeral circumflex - posterior humeral circumflex|
|Brachial||profunda brachii (radial collateral, medial collateral) - ulnar collateral artery (superior, inferior)|
|Radial||forearm: radial recurrent superficial palmar branch - princeps pollicis (radial of index finger)|
|Ulnar||forearm: ulnar recurrent (anterior, posterior) - common interosseous (anterior, posterior, recurrent) deep palmar branch|
|Arches||dorsal carpal arch: dorsal metacarpal (dorsal digital) deep palmar arch: palmar metacarpal|
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