African trypanosomiasis causes

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African trypanosomiasis Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Pilar Almonacid

Overview

African trypanosomiasis is a human tropical parasitic disease usually caused by protozoan hemo-flagellates belonging to the complex Trypanosoma brucei. Two subspecies that are morphologically indistinguishable cause distinct disease patterns in humans. Trypanosoma brucei gambiense causes West African sleeping sickness and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense causes East African sleeping sickness.

Causes

Protozoan hemo-flagellates belonging to the complex Trypanosoma brucei cause African trypanosomiasis. Two subspecies that are morphologically indistinguishable cause distinct disease patterns in humans. Trypanosoma brucei gambiense causes West African sleeping sickness and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense causes East African sleeping sickness.

East African Trypanosomiasis

West African Trypanosomiasis

References


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